WORKFAMILY CONFLICTWork-family conflict is an irrespective universalissue of the countries and cultures in all over the world. Work-family conflictdefined as the degree of incompatibility between work and family lives. It’s aone of the significant problem in organizational environment. When a workingperson has problems in the incompatibility between the demand of work anddemand of family, this situation refers to work family conflict. In differenttypes of reports examined that how the employees workers faces and experiencesconflict between their family and work role activities. Greenhaus and Beutell, (1985) defined work familyconflict as a form of inter-role conflict where the pressure from both the workand family are incompatible manner.
When the demand of work and family aremismatched in some degree then the work family conflict occurs. It also occurs whenone role affects one’s ability to complete another role’s demand which isrelated with another field. Jacque L.King, (2013) defines when the domain of work and the domain of family areincompatible to each other. When the participation of one domain affects theparticipation of another domain difficult then the conflict arises. Work familyconflict does have negative effects on the employees, their families and workorganizations.
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Greenhaus and Beutell (1985) stated that theinfluence of work and family on each other can be both in positive and negativeways. The influences are time, tasks, attitudes, stress, emotions and behaviorswhich are let out on the work and family. WFC can result in two types ofdirection one is family can interfere with work and work can interfere withfamily.
There are three forms of work family conflict which are time basedconflict, strain based conflict and behavior based conflict. Time based conflict occurred when one role isunable to fulfill the demand of another role due to pressure of time. Strainbased conflict occurs when the strain affects the performance of one role tothe other roles performance. When behavioral pattern are incompatible betweentwo roles then behavioral based conflict occurs. Aminah Ahmed (2004) statedthat there are 3 types of indicators which are job related, family related andindividual related cause WFC. There are several studies which founded that thenegative effects of work family conflict as work family conflict has influenceof the physical, the well-being ofworkers, behavioral and other aspect of the workers life .
Job stressesincluding lower job satisfaction are the negative outcomes of conflict in termsof work family conflict. Some researches shows that there are interferencesbetween family life and job life which are related to irritation, depression andanxiety especially in married female managers.