With more than 1.3 billion population India is a predominantly developing country which is on the way to becoming on of the top economy of the world in next 30 years. According to UNDPs (United Nations Development Programme’s) Human Development Index it ranked 128th as a country of medium human development.
Life expectancy is not that high just near 64 years at birth, and four-fifths of the population lives on less than $2/day 1. The adult literacy rate is 61% 2. Hence India is on a process of improve its economic capability by reducing poverty, increasing literacy and health, so the scope of NGOs to work in India is enormous. NGOs work is not limited to only economic development but also in the peoples’ quality of life, women empowerment, child development and education and creating awareness among the population. For a government like India the task is huge, and it is near impossible for it to fix all problem by itself. Specially to deliver government service delivery to the remote area or develop government infrastructure with limited resources is near impossible.
So, the people living in rural and remote are deprived and left out of the government program and must depend on the NGOs. The total number of NGOs in India is enormous, and it is increasing day by day, at present there are more than thirty thousand NGOs working in India. NGOs are working in India after its independence in 1947 and their result is visible, and it is being experienced in different parts India, especially its contribution in social change and development is remarkable.
Besides this, NGOs are playing a significant role as catalysts in understanding and addressing the concurrent issues which is over looked or ignored by the government by interacting with various government and non-government stakeholders, especially those whom government inaction affects most, and to bring these issues to the notice of the policymakers. A country like India with a mass geographical area and massive population it is not possible for the government to present everywhere all the time and to look at every issue. As a government.
To move the country forward and advance the development activity taken by government needs peoples’ active participation which would not be possible if they are not educated, aware of government development and motivated to it. Therefore, NGOs are taking up this job and working with the government. In most of the cases, it is a win-win situation for the government and the NGOs. The government can accomplish its task through NGOs and the NGOs get the gratification of reaching out to the most under-served population by taking care of their concerned issue.
The outcome is the end-users or population receive the facilities/medicines/treatment that they desperately need.