William success. The success being the “garden”

William Shakespeare addresses several recurring themes such as love, betrayal, revenge, and death. These themes were prevalent in his tragedies, especially his play Othello. In this tragedy, Shakespeare creates tension between characters due to idea of power. Clearly demonstrating that one of the strongest human drives is the desire for power, and Iago clearly demonstrates this desire by going to extreme measures to quench his thirst for power over others.     Iago becomes an artist for evil in this play, in which he skillfully crafts a plan to not only gain power but destroy people’s lives. In which he goes to extreme measures to make the people who come in between his path to power suffer. Iago feels no shame in putting people through so much pain, instead, he shows how proud he is of himself. ” Virtue? A fig! ‘This in ourselves that we are thus or thus. Our bodies are our gardens, to which our wills are gardeners. So that if we will plant nettles or sow lettuce, set hyssop and weed up thyme, supply it with one gender of herbs or distract it with many, whether to have it sterile with idleness or manured with industry, why the power and corrigible authority of this lies in our wills.” (1.3.361-368) Iago is skillfully explaining the correlation between willpower and success. The success being the “garden” and willpower being the “gardener”, he explains how if humans don’t keep the will to succeed, then they will never achieve what they wanted. Iago’s plan is to continue to keep Rodrigo in love with Desdemona, Othello’s wife, in order to make Othello weak and have an easier path to gain the power he desires.From the beginning of the play, Iago has a clear motive to gain power by overthrowing Othello, therfore Iago was looking for an opportunity to stir problems for Othello. He gaines this opportunity when he discovers that Desdemona and Othello were in love, there couldn’t have been a better opportunity for Iago, he used his manipulation skills to his fullest advantage. “Call up her father, Rouse him. Make after him, poison his delight, Proclaim him in the streets; incense her kinsmen, And, thought he in a fertile climate dwell, Plague him with flies. Though that his joy be joy, Yet throw such changes of vexation on ‘t As it may lose some color (1.1.74-80) Here, Iago is speaking to Roderigo, and saying how they should wake Brabantio, Desdemona’s father, up not only from his sleep but his reality and make him aware of what his daughter been up to. Iago continues by saying how this would ruin his happiness and they should spread rumors about him to everyone he comes in contact with, so it enrages him furthermore. Iago’s only motive behind this was to cause problems for Othello, which would help Iago gain power over everyone else. Iago’s desire for power is driven by his personality of a narcissist, where he is willing to go to extreme measures to take the place of the general. In order for him to take the place of the general, he has to either wait till the place is up for vacancy or take matters in his own hands. “We cannot all be masters, nor all masters/ Cannot be truly followed” (1.1.43-44) Frequently, Iago shows the hatred towards Othello throughout the play, in this quote he clearly references to Othello. Iago clearly states, how he will never loyally/truly serve Othello, showing his desire for the downfall of Othello. Iago is the real definition of a narcissist, in which he doesn’t care for anyone especially the ones in his way to power. “In following him, I follow but myself” (1.1.58) In these lines, Iago is clearly demonstrating that everything is about himself, and he has no empathy for anyone. He is continuously showing through his words and actions the lack of regard he has for any human being. Also, Iago has no desire for a change in the leadership for the better of Venice, he only wants the change in order to see himself on the top. Iago wants everyone to see him the way he perceives himself, the center of everything. In conclusion, Iago cleverly crafts a plan in which nothing or no one was taken into consideration but himself, he goes to extreme measures in order to gain power. Through the play, it was evident that Iago had no intentions of becoming the general for the purpose of bettering Venice, but for the mere idea of having power over everyone else. Iago proves to be the pure definition of not only a narcissist but evil, in which he doesn’t take in consideration the victims he choses, anyone in the way of him and power is in his list of victims. Throughout the play it is also clear that Iago’s plan not only revolves around power, but also Othello. Iago constantly finds ways to weaken and destroy Othello, from enraging Brabantio to planting a seed of doubt in Othello’s mind. Iago truly demonstrates throughout the play that one of the strongest human drives is the desire of gaining power over others.   


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