In the novels Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys and Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, the theme of loss can be viewed as an umbrella that encompasses the absence of independence, society or community, love, and order in the lives of the two protagonists.
They deal with their hardships in diverse ways.However, they both find ways to triumph over their losses and regain their independence.The women in both novels endure a loss of personal freedom, both mental, and physical.Jane Eyre, in her blind infatuation with Mr. Rochester, allows her emotions to enslave her.
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She realizes her obsession when she states, "My future husband was becoming to me my whole world; and more than the world: almost my hope of heaven. He stood between me and every thought of religion, as an eclipse intervenes between man and the broad sun. I could not, in those days, see God for his creature: of whom I had made an idol" (Bronte 241). By design, Rochester seduces Antoinette and deliberately makes her depend on him.Christophine, Antoinette’s servant, in a conversation with Rochester accusingly contends “you make love to her till she drunk with it, no rum could make her drunk like that, till she can’t do without it. It’s she can’t see the sun any more. Only you she see. But all you want is to break her up (Rhys 153).
After becoming totally enslaved by her feelings for him, Rochester adds insult to injury by physically abusing Antoinette.Her complete and total love for Mr. Rochester, who is passionless and devoid of any empathy, causes her to lose her mind.She realizes her mistake in marrying this cold, calculating man and vehemently states, “You see. That’s how you are. A stone.
But it serves me right…” (Rhys 148).Jane and Antoinette’s uninhibited desire to please those whom they love becomes detrimental to their peace of mind. Jane does everything she can to please St. John, her cousin, which ends with her completely paying no heed to her own thoughts and feelings.She realizes her dependence on his opinion, declaring “As for me, I daily wished more to please him: but to do so, I felt daily more and more that I must disown half of my nature, stifle half my faculties, wrest my tastes from their original bent, force myself to the adoption of pursuits for which I had no natural vocation. He wanted to train me to an elevation I could never reach; it racked me hourly to aspire to the standard he uplifted “ (Bronte).
In her search for approval, Antoinette utilizes a voodoo potion to try and force Rochester to love her, which makes him despise her more than ever. He accuses Christophine of acting for Antoinette when he insists “You tried to poison me” (Rhys 153).Both Jane and Antoinette are prisoners of their intense feelings for the man they adore, leaving them open to pain and betrayal.Jane’s foster family, the Reeds, restrict her rights, refusing to treat her as an equal to the other members of the family.
Jane, at a mere eight years old, is chastised by Mrs. Abbott, the nanny, who asserts, “you are less than a servant, for you do nothing for your keep” (Bronte 11).When Rochester imprisons Antoinette in England, he deprives her of any sense of humanity.The people in their lives who yielded power over them unjustly repressed both women. Jane and Antoinette are both ostracized by their respective communities as a direct result of their social positions.
Jane is an orphan with no money and no close relatives.Although she is clearly a bright and unique girl, she is treated as an outcast due to her orphan status.She refuses to accept their low opinion of her however, and maintains “The more solitary, the more friendless, the more unsustained I am, the more I will respect myself. I will keep the law given by God, sanctioned by man. I will hold to the principles received by me when I was sane, and not mad–as I am now”, illustrating her desire to persevere through the difficult times in her life (Bronte 279).
Antoinette is in a similar position due to her status as a white Creole woman.She describes herself as a white cockroach, and she goes on to explain “That's what they call all of us who were here before their own people in Africa sold them to the slave traders. And I've heard English women call us white niggers. So between you I often wonder who I am and where is my country and where do I belong and why was I ever born at all”, which illustrates her position in a type of social purgatory (Rhys 102). As the novels.