What are three concerns you have about utilitarianism as a guide to moral actions?a.The utilitarian belief is to perform actions that maximize oneâ€™s own happiness.This in itself is a present concern to me.With such selfish ways of thinking, the world would go to hell in a hand basket.
With the vast array of likes and dislikes in our society today, if everyone did what made them happy, many people would be harmed while others suffered through tremendous mental, physical, and emotional turmoil.With laws of the land in place, several likes are illegal punishable by that law.In someoneâ€™s mind, the act of raping another person could bring about overwhelming feelings of happiness.
However, in my fine art mind that is a sick, twisted, demented individual that needs to be punished under â€œAn eye for an Eye.â€b.Even though I view utilitarians who make decisions based solely on extrinsic values as someone whom will use you up, the majority of the world makes decisions based on extrinsic values.Do you feel the President has made many of his decisions based on intrinsic or extrinsic values?I personally believe we all think about how our actions and decisions will benefit us before anyone else crosses our minds.c.
Hedonistic utilitarians argue â€œthat the good is equivalent to happiness, which is equivalent to pleasure (although they do not argue that the word â€œgoodâ€ means happiness or pleasure in ordinary language). Beaucamp; p. 113.Huh?How is this possible?Hedonistic utilitarians value actions based on maximizing their pleasures and minimizing their pains.Sometimes in life, we must sacrifice ourselves for the greater good of a loved one.
For instance, take childbirth.Having a child is not pleasurable in any way shape or form.However, the pleasure and pains of rearing that child is worth every minute of it.2.)State and interpret Kantâ€™s First Formulation of the Categorical Imperative.You may want to use an example.
Do you think that Kantâ€™s First Formulation is JUST another way of expressing the Golden Rule, i.e., â€œDo unto others as you would have them do unto you?â€Explain briefly.Kantâ€™s First Formulation of Categorical Imperative is the belief to act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.â€ (Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals 3rd ed.
. Hackett, p30)In other words anything that a person does should be able to be applied.