What is Organizational Behavior?
Organizational Behavior is all about the study in
such a way that groups of people interact within each other. To create more
efficient business organization this type of study is done. The basic attempt
is to come into an efficient conclusion related with this study. Basically it means,
this study has a scientific approach which is applied to the management of
workers by just studying organizational behaviors. To maximize the output of
individual group member organizational behavior theories are used.
Why is Organizational behavior
an Organization it provides a road map to human’s life.
we know Organizational Behavior helps in predicting what people might do
in different kind of circumstances this approach is only done by
scientific research by understanding organizational life.
helps to understand and predict organizational events.
proper knowledge of OB, one can understand him/her in better Manner.
can manage human resource effectively. Example: Motivation.
helps Organization for maintaining a better cordial Industrial relations.
is even used in the field Marketing.
OB Theories that can be used on Employees as motivation.
Theory X and
These two theories are basically for human
motivation which was developed and later introduced by Douglas McGregor in MIT
Sloan of Management in 1957.He presented this at the conference that he had in
MIT. These two theories literally describe contrasting models of workforce
which applies motivation by the managers in HRM, OB, Organizational
communication and organizational development as well. According to these two
different models, they show how workers are motivated from the bases of these
two managerial styles. The importance of penalties: in contrast, strict
supervision and external rewards are shown in theory x whereas theory y
consists of workers getting encouraged by the approach of task without
supervision and motivation of job satisfaction.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs-:
This is one
of the motivational theory by Maslow’s needs hierarchy theory which says that humans psychology
are comprised of five tier model of human needs, which is often depicted as
hierarchical levels within a pyramid. The pyramid consists of
Self-actualization at the top then Esteem then Social then safety and at last
factor theory which is also known as Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory or
the dual factor theory states that many possible factors may create for you a
job satisfaction at the same time there will be factors that will create a
dissatisfaction for the same job. He also said job satisfaction and
Dissatisfaction act total independently of each other.
Cattell’s 16PF Trait
In this theory 16
factors are described which according to him, everyone has varying degree of
these traits developed and only way to find out these degrees is by
questionnaire results which modify the set central traits and measures them.
traits consists of mainly warmth,
reasoning, emotional stability, dominance, liveliness, rule consciousness ,
social boldness , sensitivity , vigilance, abstractedness, privateness,
apprehensiveness, openness to change , self-reliance, perfectionism , tension.
Tripartite Theory of
theory consist of three major traits that is ID, Ego and Super Ego. These are
the few parts that are developed at different phases in our life. This theory
and Freud’s theory are quiet similar.