In the book scouts father , atticcus, tells scout and jem "id rather you shoot at tin cans in the backyard, but I know you'll go after birds.Shoot all the blue jays you want if you cannot hit them, but rememberits a sin to kill a mocking bird". In this quote the mocking bird symbolizes these two characters boo and tom because it does not have its own song. Because a mocking bird does not sing its own song, we charecterize it only by what the other birds sing.this exactly applies to boo and tom.
Both of these characters do not really have their own songs in a sense, therefore,are charecterized by other peoplesd view points are are targets of prejudice.The novel is set in the 1930's during this tiume the country was inthe period known as the Great depression. Many people were jobless and homeless. Many people lived in shanty towns, with shelters made of sheet metals and scrap.
All oover america it was common to see unemployed men and women riding the rails looking for work shelter and food. In 1931 a person working 55 or 60 hours in alabama would only earn $150 annually. Because of the shortage of jobs and how low paying they were, there were fights for these few jobs. The blacks and whites hatredgot larger with competition for jobs.one of the most amous court cases in american history was during this time,it was the scottsborro trial. The scotborro trial was very similar in many ways to the fictional trial of tom robinson .
The incident which was the basis of the scottsboro trials began on march 25 ,1931 when a group of people were riding a train from tennessee to alabama. After leaving the train two white woman accused 9 african american men of raping them in an open car. There were several trials with differnet verdicts for the 9 defendants. The similarities to the fictional trial of tom robinson include the issue of race. In both cases black men wereaccused of raping white women in alabama in the 1930's.
if the jury had found the men not guilty in either trial it would mean that the jury had taken the word of a black against a white. This was something that could not be allowed in the present society. In both cases the accuses used poor black men to occuse them of rape to cover up a secret.In the scottsboro case it was ruby bates and victoria pierce, who accused the men of rape to cover up the fact that they were involved in a criminal act when they left tenessee for alabama, and that victoria pierce was a known prostitute. In tom robinsons trial it was mayella ewell accusing tom of rape to cover up the fact that,mayella tempted tom,which was not acceptable in the maycomb society at that time, and that.