There that would be answered in this branch

There are many branches of philosophy and the philosophy of
the social sciences is one of them. It is the study of and a method in how we
can gain knowledge i.e. epistemology (Carthwright and montuschit 2016) about
the social sciences, such as psychology, sociology, criminology etc. we gain
this knowledge through the use of philosophical questions. It answers the
questions that ‘need’ answering and that are social issues in the current
world. Explaining the differences between the natural and social sciences, for
example, is a philosophical question that would be answered in this branch of
philosophy. How do we choose these philosophical questions? A quote made from
Rosenberg states, that ‘. The positions scientists take on answers to
philosophical questions determine the questions they consider answerable by
science and choose to address, as well as the methods they employ to answer
them’ (Rosenberg). This means that all social sciences, despite not being able
to answer the philosophical questions, have an assumption and opinion on what
they believe to be the right answers, this is what encourages them to choose
their questions, and decide on what it is that they want to answer.

There are many issues in this world. We battle through
issues like poverty, war, racism, inequality, sexism and many more. Social
scientists will study and answer questions about these issues, in order to gain
and further knowledge on them for a greater cause. Therefore, making it a very
important reason as to why the philosophy of the social sciences is important
for us social scientists. It means that we can create questions related to why
and how these issues began and ways in which we can prevent and reduce them in
the future. Philosophy allows us to do this. It can help to make the world
better this way. If we didn’t ask ‘fundamental questions in this world then
there would be less and less chance that our social issues would go away and be
resolved, making this is a very important reason as to why and how philosophy
in the social sciences is so important. 

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Answering philosophical questions in the social sciences
helps to improve scientific research. It is always looking into and trying to
improve theories, concepts, and arguments. By doing this they are all always
improving. It considers the different ways in which we interpret and evaluate
data and strengthens them. Therefore, this makes it ever-more important so that
we can always be improving on things and enhancing our skills and epistemology.
By helping to justify arguments and theories we gain a better understanding of
social sciences overall.                                                  
                   There are many
theories just about everything in this world. By having the philosophy of the
social sciences, we are given the skills to work with arguments and theories,
we are able to critique and judge theories, helping to improve them and make
them better. It also allows us to make our own theories about the social world
and ask our own research questions. By practising with these new skills we are
able to pick out the best and most relevant theories and ignore the bad and non-relevant
ones, this saves us a lot of time, and also means that we can focus our time
solely on the theories that are the most important and are the more effective.
We can basically get rid of the bad ones. This is another point as to why the
philosophy of the social sciences are important to the social scientists.

A study conducted in 2015, about the importance of philosophy
being introduced into the social sciences, supported the idea that it is very
important to have for the social scientists. The study involved analysing Turkish
universities, and finding out at what semester their social sciences students
were taught about philosophy and research methods. They found from this that a
lot of the universities introduced it quite late into the semester, around
about semester 3 or 4 or sometimes even 5 or 6. They analysed these finding and
thought about questions such as ‘are there any courses about the philosophy of
the social sciences?’, ‘do curiosity and questioning have less of an importance
at Turkish Universities? etc. From this they asked around 200 students who were
taught about the philosophy of social sciences and research methods after the 3
semester. They were finally taught about research methods and about the natural
and social sciences, qualitative and Quantative research and many names of
researchers and their work such as Comte and Weber. They were then asked to create
a research draft in preparation of a scientific study. From this they found
that the students really struggled in finding things that they wanted to
research and find things out about. They had no curiosity. This is due to them
never being taught to think about curiosity and questioning and having assumptions
on world issues around them, which would help them to create a research question,
as like Rosenburg states having assumptions helps you to choose your questions
to research. These students had never been taught how to express themselves and
have their own opinions on philosophical matters, as until that semester it
didn’t seem important. However, this study has supported the idea that teaching
philosophy early on in the social sciences course benefits the student massively.
It prepares them for when they use these philosophical thoughts in a real-life
context. Therefore, to summarise the teaching of philosophy in social sciences
needs to be taught sooner into the course, which shows the importance of philosophy
in the social sciences for the social scientists.

In conclusion to this essay, the philosophy of the social
sciences are important to the social sciences because firstly they help to
understand the complex social world we live in, and help to improve on our
understanding by answering the ‘fundamental’ questions that require answering
in order for these social issues to go away. Secondly it is important because
it helps us to improve our scientific research, due to the ability to
understand theories and analyse and evaluate concepts and arguments out forward
by other researchers about the social world. We can focus on the good theories
and eliminate the bad. Lastly thirdly, it is important due to proven finding
from the study that teaching social scientists about philosophy and research
helps them to understand the world better and sets them up early into making
them be curious and question the world issues around them. This gives them assumptions
and opinions which helps them to create research questions that they want to
answer themselves in the future. Therefore philosophy  of the social sciences is a good and efficient
branch for philosophy to have.





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