There are laws that govern health and safety in a health and social care environment. The legislations relating to health and safety in a health and social care work setting are:• Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HSWA)• Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (MHOR) (as amended 2002)• Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999• Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER)• Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER)(Health Safety and Environment, GOV UK)Up to date and relevant legislations and from the Health Safety and Environment must always be used and set by employers.Employers may have policies covering a range of subjects to cater to legal requirements. The main points of health and safety policies and procedures agreed with the employer are: moving and handling of people and objects, personal hygiene , infection control, fire safety, personal safety and lone working, smoking at work, what to do in the event of an emergency, food safety and hygiene, risk assessment, display screen equipment for people working on computers, use of chemicals and waste disposal, security measures and visitors, first aid situations, etc. While personal care will be given as individually as possible , the health and safety of all involved in a situation comes first. If someone has asked to perform a task on their own , you should encourage this decision but only if it is completely safe to do so.
All the risks of this must be accounted for and considered, also take steps to reduce them and understand how the individual is capable of seeing them. For example , going to the bathroom, water could make surfaces slippery and provide a slip hazard, hot water can burn skin, sharp items can cut skin ( razor blades).