THEORY AND PRACTICE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
IS THERE A PHILIPPINE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION?
YES, for me there is a Philippine Public Administration. According to Corson and Harris (2015), “Public Administration is decision making, planning the work to be done, formulating objectives and goals, working with the legislature and citizen organizations to gain public support and funds for government programmes, establishing and revising organization, directing and supervising employees, providing leadership, communicating and receiving communications, determining work methods and procedures, appraising performance, exercising controls, and other functions performed by government executives and supervisors. It is the action part of the government, the means by which the purposes and goals of the government are realized.”
On the basis of the above definition, thus, we can be said that there is a Philippine Public Administration. As long as there are government institutions to address concerns and problems of the public, there is Philippine Public Administration. The main concern of our government is to formulate and implement of public policies for the welfare of the Filipino nation. It is the principal agency of the state which delivers the public goods and services in an efficient and economical manner as also provides continuity to the policies of the government.
If we look at our Public Administration in the Philippine setting, it includes the activities of all 3 branches of the Government – we have Legislative (law making bodies which is the Senate and a House of Representative), Executive (the President of the Philippines) and the Judiciary (evaluation of laws is done by Supreme Court) of each of which is consists of different operations having for their purpose of fulfilment or enforcement of Public Policies which has to do with our government.
Public Administration is the interrelationship among the executive, legislative and judiciary. It is also a collaboration of government, the private sector and civil society in crafting policies and programs to maximize resources and implement effective, efficient and economic programs for the common good. Public Administration is dynamic and has evolved to address the needs of the times. Public Administration’s focus has evolved from the executive branch of government or bureaucracy and not only in relation to the affairs of government, but of the client or the “public” it is supposed to serve. Public Administration has an important to role in the formation of public policy and is thus part of the political process; is different in significant ways from private administration; is associated with numerous private groups and individuals in providing services to the community (Cabo 2010).
Public Administration in our country is being maintained by public laws and order peace and welfare. In other words, without government there is no administration. Our government is concerned with ‘what’ (enables to perform their jobs) and ‘how’ (the technique of management) of the government which carries out public policies and bring the different structures of our government in to one organization.
If we consider the function of our government, it takes a lot of coordination, problem solving and unlimited decision making activity. This calls not only the active participation of all government agencies and politicians, but also of all sectors of our society in overcoming the many of administrative and socio-economic problems of our nation. It encourage everyone the full-involvement and commitment in participating to attain of the national greatness.
A big part of the solution to the governance problem not only lies on our government itself, but it comprises the active participation of private businesses, civil society and the media in governance, monitoring, and feedback. This gives voice to people, enables civil society and the media to become partners of government, and makes the government more responsive to the needs of citizens. Among other steps shall be the adoption of client-satisfaction surveys at all levels of government. Monitoring and surveillance by the media, civil society, and an engaged citizenry shall reinforce the campaign against corruption. This shall be facilitated by formal citizens’ representation in budgeting and procurement processes, the disclosure of the allocation and expenditure of funds of various agencies, the involvement of civil society in the anticorruption effort, and the provision of channels for ordinary citizens to report directly and anonymously to competent authorities on anomalies in government functions and the state of public-service.
Organizational effectiveness in the Philippine bureaucracy is a vision that all government employees must strive for because it is a testament to our value system. This goal can be attained with good intentions and political resolution; planning and management of governance initiatives; strengthening administrative justice; a supportive policy environment; a focused reform agenda; well-defined standards for monitoring and evaluation; streamlining the bureaucracy; improved public personnel administration, installing a performance based management system and developing a new work culture using Filipino values. Organizational effectiveness is a means towards professionalizing the bureaucracy and achieving good governance in our state institutions.
Cabo, Wilhelmina L. (2005) Theory and Practice of Public Administration Diliman, Quezon City: UP Open University, University of the Philippines. Posted 5th day of October 2011 by Musings at http://lyncsmusings.blogspot.com/2011/10/state-of-development-and-public.html?q= PHILIPPINE+PUBLIC+ADMINISTRATION, Retrieved February 22, 2018.Corson, John J. and Harris, Joseph P. (2015) “Public Administration in Modern Society”. https://trove.nla.gov.au/work/15357407, Retrieved February 22, 2018