Dostoevskyâ€™s Crime and Punishment and Ibsenâ€™s A Dollâ€™s House have one main thing in common: crime.
In A Dollâ€™s House Ibsen highlights the injustice of the law, and the restrictions it puts upon individuals in society, while Dostoevsky uses it to show freedom through law and the need for individuals to abide by it.Both the novel and the play introduce crime to the plot at the very beginning of the work. In A Dollâ€™s House Mrs. Linde enters and Nora tells her about â€œitâ€ but immediately says that â€œTorvald mustnâ€™t hearâ€ (Perrine 876). Ibsen uses this early introduction of crime to immediately develop a secret between Nora and her husband that will ultimately lead to their separation. Dostoevsky has his main character referring to the crime as â€œthatâ€ as Rodya questions his intentions. â€œIs that something serious?â€ (Dostoevsky 4). Dostoevsky uses the crime to introduce the moral struggle within Rodyaâ€™s consciousness.
- Thesis Statement
- Structure and Outline
- Voice and Grammar
The immediate use of crime in both works sets the base work for the plot and develops the beginnings of important themes that will progress within the play/novel.In the play A Dollâ€™s House, Henrik Ibsen uses crime primarily as a plot advancement. If there were no crime, the play would mean nothing. Noraâ€™s forgery leads to a secret that she keeps from her husband that leads to his embarrassment at being saved by a woman that leads to her leaving. However, Ibsen does express one major theme about crime: sometimes the law can be unjust.
Mrs. Linde establishes the law as soon as the idea of Nora borrowing money is brought up, â€œA wife canâ€™t borrow money without her husbandâ€™s consentâ€ (Perrine 877). This seems wrong enough by itselfâ€¦In addition, Noraâ€™s only reason to forge the signature was to save her husbandâ€™s life, and for it she was blackmailed by Krogstad and downtrodden by societyâ€™s standards. In a critical review â€œNortham refers to Nora as Bercume 2an example of the individualâ€™s struggle against societyâ€ (Mitchell 136). She was punished severely for somethingthat could be considered a petty crime and the crime ultimately led to her and Torvaldâ€™s separation and her leaving the house.
In addition, â€œChristine Linde and Nils Krogstadâ€™s subplot ending in marriage happens at the same time as Noraâ€™s break with Torvald.â€ (Davies 51) The sharp contrast between the two creates conflict within the audience members because Krogstad is being rewarded for blackmail as Nora is being punished for saving her husbandâ€™s life.Dostoevsky, much like Ibsen, depends on crime for his work. But in opposition to Ibsen, Dostoevsky is a firm believer in the law, and works to show that it is just. Raskolnikov is tortured by his crime in his dreams and subconscious thoughts and his morality leads him to believe that what he did was wrong.
This morality crushes his quest to becoming an â€œextraordinary manâ€ (Gamble Seminar). While Ibsen immediately points out the compassion behind Noraâ€™s petty crime, Dostoevsky slowly builds on the horror of Raskolnikovâ€™s. He dreams of the mare that is beaten to death, a symbol for the old woman (Gamble Seminar). Then Sonyaâ€™s faith in God and her teaching him leads Rodya to question, and later regret his actions. Rodya is also blackmailed, but while Nora was punished and tormented for what she did out of love, Raskolnikov is morally saved through repentance for committing murder.As another contrast, in Crime and Punishment, Rodya develops a relationship with Sonya when he admits to his crime. Instead of fearing him, when he tells her of his crime, she pities him saying he must go through â€œsuch sufferingâ€ (Dostoevsky 420).
She and the blackmailer, Porfirey,.