The Triarchic Model of Intelligence was established by Robert Sternberg who argued that intelligence is more complex than simply g. He categorized intelligence into three parts. The first is “Analytical Intelligence” which is based logical reasoning.
This type of intelligence is required to do well on exams and traditional IQ tests. This could include arithmetic (eg. adding or subtracting numbers) or spatial-tasks (eg.
rotating images). The second is “Practical Intelligence” which relates to problem-solving and understanding others in everyday life. In example, a person is wanted to buy a used car. They realize that a used car may have engine issues, a high mileage, or general wear a tear. By using Practical Intelligence, this person knows better than to pay the same price as getting a brand new vehicle. This way, they are not taken advantage of and is saving money.
Lastly, Sternberg talks about “Creative Intelligence”. Creative Intelligence refers to the ability to come up with unconventional and effective means for problem-solving. An example of this could be a UBC student moving into a dorm. The student wants to hang up a poster of Santa Ono.
He realizes he doesn’t have any tape but is chewing gum. Instead of walking to Staples and buying a roll of scotch tape, he takes his gum and sticks it on the back of the poster in order to hang it up. Although Sternberg’s model allows psychologists to consider more than one type of intelligence, it is important to note that these types of intelligence are not necessarily related. For example, just because a person demonstrates high analytical Intelligence, they may not showcase high creative intelligence (vice versa). Sternberg’s Triarchic Model differs from the ideas of Charles Spearman who believed there is a single “General Intelligence” that accounts for a person’s entire intellectual ability. By dividing intelligence into categories, Sternberg allows social scientists to think about individual strengths and weaknesses and whether or not they are associated or correlated with one another.