The symptoms of acute otitis media are often ear pain, hearing difficulties, loss of balance, ear drainage, and a fever. The most common causes of this condition include a build-up of mucus in the middle ear, which usually occurs from an infection or cold. Acute otitis differs from external otitis because otitis externa is an infection in the external ear and ear canal, whereas acute otitis media effects the middle ear.
Children are more susceptible to this condition than adults are because the eustachian tube is shorter, smaller, and more level; so it’s harder for fluid to drain out properly and bacteria has a higher chance of entering the middle ear. Potential complications could be chronic infections, meningitis, and intercranial/extracranial complications. 2.
Why are breast-fed children less susceptible to otitis media than formula-fedchildren? State at least two reasons.Breast-fed children are less susceptible to otitis media than formula-fed children because the mother’s milk passes immunity to the kid. It also provides infants with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agents that contribute to their optimal immune system function.3.
When should a doctor be called? What is the standard treatment for this condition? What can be done if the condition persists?A doctor should be called when the infection doesn’t go away and if symptoms worsen; especially if their accompanied with a severe earache or fever. Standard treatment for this condition includes using pain medication and a warm compress until it clears up. However, if the condition persists, then antibiotics will be needed. Conjunctivitis4. What are the symptoms and causes of this condition? Why are children moresusceptible to this condition than are adults? What are some of the potentialcomplications?The primary symptoms of conjunctivitis (pink eye) are redness, itchiness, gritty feelings, discharge and watery eyes.
Causes of this condition are usually viral/bacterial infections, allergies, or substances in the eye that cause irritation (chemicals). Children are more susceptible to this condition than adults are because the condition is highly contagious and easily transmitted from hand to eye, so school aged kids are especially at risk of catching it. Potential complications can include inflammation, redness, pain, and in rare cases- cornea scarring. Treatment for pink eye depends on the cause of it.
For example, bacterial conjunctivitis will need antibiotics but viral will just need to run its course.