The Inanna is still associated with those

The
Head of Inanna

 

Bailey
Partain

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Art
Department

University
of Central Oklahoma

100
N. University Drive

Edmond,
Oklahoma 73034 USA

 

Faculty
Advisor: Dr. Dawn St. Clare

 

Abstract

The Head of Inanna is also known as “The Lady of Uruk”.
This sculpture dates all the way back to C. 3300-3000 BCE.
She
was found in Uruk, which in today’s time is known as present day Warka. She
was made of marble and measures 8 inches tall. Inanna was the goddess of the
E-Anna Temple, which was located in Uruk. This
sculpture, The Head of Inanna also went by the “Mask of Warka”. Inanna was the
Sumerian goddess of love, fertility, and warfare. She was the most prominent
deity of this day.

 

Keywords:
Inanna, Uruk, Warka, E-Anna Temple, Mask of Warka, Sumerian goddess,

 

1.
Inanna, the Sumerian Goddess

Inanna is the ancient goddess of love, fertility, and
warfare. The power that she proclaims is provoking and is almost always a
defining characteristic in the tales that are told of her. The goddess appears
in ancient Mesopotamia myths, in which she brings knowledge and culture to the
city of Uruk. Mark, J. J. (2010, October 15). Inanna. www.ancient.eu. Inanna is
often shown in resemblance with a lion. The lion is a sign of “King of Beasts”.

In her aspect as goddess of war, Inanna is depicted in
the armor of a male, in battle dress. Statues frequently show her armed with a
quiver and bow. Mark, Joshua J. 2010, October 15. Inanna. www.ancient.eu).
Inanna was a very independent women who did what she wanted and she didn’t care
about the consequences, she was also very good at manipulating others. In the
tales that had been told about her, it shows all the aspects of who Inanna was
and in many other those aspects showed her as a mother goddess. Inanna made
people want to serve and worship her.

People wanted to serve Inanna, not because of who she
was, but what she had to offer to her people. They remained devoted and
faithful to her, even long after the temple dedicated to her had closed down. She
was closely associated with the morning, evening, and even present day star. Still
to this day Inanna is still associated with those stars even if few people
remember who she was. Even when her temple closed down, people still wanted to
worship her and live out who she was.

 

This picture represents Inanna, the Sumerian goddess
of love, fertility, and war.

2.
Inanna’s Temple in Uruk

Inanna’s people worshiped her in a temple. This temple
was discovered in Uruk. This was the earliest temple dedicated to Inanna. This
was her main and longest place of worship that had lasted during her time. This
temple dates back to about 5,000 BCE.

There is part of the
facade of the temple of Inanna at Uruk. There are standing male and female deities in alternate
niches. Each figure holds a vessel in his/her hands and pours life-giving water
forth on to the earth. The cuneiform inscriptions on the bricks mention the name of the Kassite
ruler Kara-indash as the person
who ordered the building of this temple. Circa 1413 BCE. From Uruk,
southern Mesopotamia,
Iraq. (Which can be found in The Pergamon Museum, Berlin). Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. (2014, August
28). Façade of Inanna’s Temple in Uruk. www.ancient.eu.

The temple in Uruk was
her central place of worship, although throughout Mesopotamia she had several
temples and shrines that were very sacred. In the archaeological record,
Ishtar/Inanna was first worshiped at Uruk (Biblical Erech) in the earliest
period of Mesopotamian history. Incantations, hymns, myths, epics, votive
inscriptions, and historical annals celebrated and invoked her as the force of
life (2014, April 23). Retrieved from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ishtar.

 

Façade of the Temple of Inanna

3.
The Head of a Women / The Head of Inanna

With Inanna being such a powerful figure, someone had
sculpted a piece of art work in her name. This piece of art is called The Mask
of Warka. The Mask of Warka was a female head (which was in resemblance of Inanna).
This piece came from Uruk (Modern day Warka). This piece had been created
sometime between 3300-3000 BCE.

She was made of marble, that was 8 inches high. Today she
can be found in The National Museum of Iraq, Baghdad. The white marble used for
this sculpture would have been imported at great cost as fine stones for
carving which were scarce and used sparingly. Retrieved from
Klimtlover.wordpress.com. They aren’t really 100 percent sure if this sculpture
is actually Inanna or not. Since, this piece was found in this sacred area it
could have very easily been resembled to be the goddess Inanna.

But, the actual subject of this piece is unknown. The head
of this piece actually has a flat back. They think that it may have been
attached to a piece of wood that was shaped into the form of a women’s body. Due
to it being so old, the original form and shape that piece was has deuterated
over time. This piece when it was first created would have been a lot more
vibrant and stand out.

Her eyes and eyebrows would have been much more filled
in. She might have possibly had worn a wig. Her wig could have been made of
gold and would have been anchored to the head of this sculpture. They say that
the wooden body of this piece attached might have had lots of expensive jewelry
and fabrics associated with her. Having it now without those things, in the
process could have been lost or stolen before this significant piece was found.

  

The
head of Inanna that would have been covered in expensive fabrics and jewelry.

4) Conclusion

Inanna,
a Sumerian goddess that many people had idolized and worshipped. She was a
leader and had very many traits that her people admired about her. She was a
strong and very independent women. She was the goddess of love, fertility, and
warfare. When she was determined to do something it would happen and nothing in
her way could stop her once she had her mind set on it.

She
made such an impact on others, far after she was gone. People still idolized
her and still saw her as the Sumerian goddess of love, fertility, and warfare. They
were a devoted and strong group of people that stayed true to their word. They worshipped
her not just because of who she was but what she could offer her people. Even though
few remember her today, shell still have an impact on the people of Uruk today.

 

 

 

5)
References

1. Ancient Medieval Art. Retrieved from https://klimtlover.wordpress.com/mesopotamia-and-persia/mesopotamia-and-persia-sumerian-art/

2. Mark, J, J. (2010). Inanna. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/amp/s/www.ancient.eu/amp/1-10035/

3. Ishtar. Retrieved from www.newworldencyclodpedia.org/entry/ishatr

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