TheHead of Inanna BaileyPartainArtDepartmentUniversityof Central Oklahoma100N. University DriveEdmond,Oklahoma 73034 USA FacultyAdvisor: Dr. Dawn St. Clare AbstractThe Head of Inanna is also known as “The Lady of Uruk”.This sculpture dates all the way back to C.
3300-3000 BCE.Shewas found in Uruk, which in today’s time is known as present day Warka. Shewas made of marble and measures 8 inches tall.
Inanna was the goddess of theE-Anna Temple, which was located in Uruk. Thissculpture, The Head of Inanna also went by the “Mask of Warka”. Inanna was theSumerian goddess of love, fertility, and warfare. She was the most prominentdeity of this day. Keywords:Inanna, Uruk, Warka, E-Anna Temple, Mask of Warka, Sumerian goddess, 1.
Inanna, the Sumerian GoddessInanna is the ancient goddess of love, fertility, andwarfare. The power that she proclaims is provoking and is almost always adefining characteristic in the tales that are told of her. The goddess appearsin ancient Mesopotamia myths, in which she brings knowledge and culture to thecity of Uruk. Mark, J. J. (2010, October 15).
eu. Inanna isoften shown in resemblance with a lion. The lion is a sign of “King of Beasts”.In her aspect as goddess of war, Inanna is depicted inthe armor of a male, in battle dress. Statues frequently show her armed with aquiver and bow.
Mark, Joshua J. 2010, October 15. Inanna. www.ancient.
eu).Inanna was a very independent women who did what she wanted and she didn’t careabout the consequences, she was also very good at manipulating others. In thetales that had been told about her, it shows all the aspects of who Inanna wasand in many other those aspects showed her as a mother goddess. Inanna madepeople want to serve and worship her.People wanted to serve Inanna, not because of who shewas, but what she had to offer to her people.
They remained devoted andfaithful to her, even long after the temple dedicated to her had closed down. Shewas closely associated with the morning, evening, and even present day star. Stillto this day Inanna is still associated with those stars even if few peopleremember who she was.
Even when her temple closed down, people still wanted toworship her and live out who she was. This picture represents Inanna, the Sumerian goddessof love, fertility, and war.2.Inanna’s Temple in UrukInanna’s people worshiped her in a temple. This templewas discovered in Uruk. This was the earliest temple dedicated to Inanna.
Thiswas her main and longest place of worship that had lasted during her time. Thistemple dates back to about 5,000 BCE.There is part of thefacade of the temple of Inanna at Uruk. There are standing male and female deities in alternateniches.
Each figure holds a vessel in his/her hands and pours life-giving waterforth on to the earth. The cuneiform inscriptions on the bricks mention the name of the Kassiteruler Kara-indash as the personwho ordered the building of this temple. Circa 1413 BCE. From Uruk,southern Mesopotamia,Iraq. (Which can be found in The Pergamon Museum, Berlin).
Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. (2014, August28). Façade of Inanna’s Temple in Uruk. www.ancient.eu.
The temple in Uruk washer central place of worship, although throughout Mesopotamia she had severaltemples and shrines that were very sacred. In the archaeological record,Ishtar/Inanna was first worshiped at Uruk (Biblical Erech) in the earliestperiod of Mesopotamian history. Incantations, hymns, myths, epics, votiveinscriptions, and historical annals celebrated and invoked her as the force oflife (2014, April 23). Retrieved from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.
org/entry/Ishtar. Façade of the Temple of Inanna3.The Head of a Women / The Head of InannaWith Inanna being such a powerful figure, someone hadsculpted a piece of art work in her name.
This piece of art is called The Maskof Warka. The Mask of Warka was a female head (which was in resemblance of Inanna).This piece came from Uruk (Modern day Warka). This piece had been createdsometime between 3300-3000 BCE.She was made of marble, that was 8 inches high.
Today shecan be found in The National Museum of Iraq, Baghdad. The white marble used forthis sculpture would have been imported at great cost as fine stones forcarving which were scarce and used sparingly. Retrieved fromKlimtlover.
wordpress.com. They aren’t really 100 percent sure if this sculptureis actually Inanna or not. Since, this piece was found in this sacred area itcould have very easily been resembled to be the goddess Inanna.
But, the actual subject of this piece is unknown. The headof this piece actually has a flat back. They think that it may have beenattached to a piece of wood that was shaped into the form of a women’s body. Dueto it being so old, the original form and shape that piece was has deuteratedover time. This piece when it was first created would have been a lot morevibrant and stand out. Her eyes and eyebrows would have been much more filledin.
She might have possibly had worn a wig. Her wig could have been made ofgold and would have been anchored to the head of this sculpture. They say thatthe wooden body of this piece attached might have had lots of expensive jewelryand fabrics associated with her. Having it now without those things, in theprocess could have been lost or stolen before this significant piece was found. Thehead of Inanna that would have been covered in expensive fabrics and jewelry. 4) ConclusionInanna,a Sumerian goddess that many people had idolized and worshipped.
She was aleader and had very many traits that her people admired about her. She was astrong and very independent women. She was the goddess of love, fertility, andwarfare. When she was determined to do something it would happen and nothing inher way could stop her once she had her mind set on it.
Shemade such an impact on others, far after she was gone. People still idolizedher and still saw her as the Sumerian goddess of love, fertility, and warfare. Theywere a devoted and strong group of people that stayed true to their word. They worshippedher not just because of who she was but what she could offer her people.
Even thoughfew remember her today, shell still have an impact on the people of Uruk today. 5)References1. Ancient Medieval Art.
Retrieved from https://klimtlover.wordpress.com/mesopotamia-and-persia/mesopotamia-and-persia-sumerian-art/2. Mark, J, J.
(2010). Inanna. Retrieved from http://www.google.
Retrieved from www.newworldencyclodpedia.org/entry/ishatr