The purpose of the Times article was to inform readers about the most memorable time in all human history, the Apollo 11: the first landing of the moon. It was a “spectacular” moment that was seen by billions from afar as Neil Armstrong became the first human to land on a surface of a different world; he also became one of the world’s most iconic figures. Its vivid retelling of what occurred between the astronaut’s observance of the moon and the interaction among the speakers, audiences and the subject affects the text to fulfill the purpose of the article.
It shows them factual information about the Apollo 11, helping them in having even deeper understanding of why it was such a successful mission as well as inspiring them. The Times uses rhetorical strategies- Ethos, Pathos, Logos- in order to provide trustworthy information from reliable sources to the audiences. They appeal to Ethos automatically since The Times is a high-ranking and notoriously known, national British newspaper company whom has already gained credibility from their country.
Moreover, the samples Armstrong and Aldrin retrieved from the moon, followed by their descriptions of the moon is considered ethos, because they are professionally trained and well educated in astronomy so the audiences has no reason to doubt their comments. They appeal to Pathos