The one child policy was enacted in China in order to reduce the growth rate of chinese population. However, the policy had drastic consequences over the economic and social lives of chinese. By decrease the fertility and birth rates, the overall rate of natural increase declined and the overall sex ratio became skewed towards males.
This was due to the fact the chinese population needed men more than women because of the workload. Men were needed into farms and factories more than women, thus the abortion of female fetus increased. On the other hand, the one-child policy resulted in a demographic time bomb. As the years went on, the chinese society had an increase in the number of elderly people, creating a sufferance in their economy.
In families that already had one child, the births of additional children—in violation of the one-child policy—were often undocumented. This led to many problems later on for children who struggled to receive an education or find work. Families were offered incentives for complying with the policy, and it included financial perks and greater employment options.Millions of Chinese parents had to endure strict enforcement methods of the policy, also they were exposed to forced sterilization forced abortions. The government has been criticized because of their intrusion into the population personal reproductives choices.
People in China found the policy sensible and it had caused pain to many families.