In The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway describes an old fisherman and the unfortunate trials he faces as his "luck" runs out.Through the novel, the fisherman, Santiago, replicates Hemingway's ideal man, a noble hero.
Hemingway had a Code of Behavior that he himself followed.He had morals that were strict and an appreciation for instinct and human nature.He had a specific way of living life and an understanding of time.He believed in taking risks and acting upon instinct.He believed that a person who followed his Code of Behavior was a noble hero.In Hemingway's Code of Behavior, a noble hero is a master craftsman.
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This means that he is not dependent on other people or on technology.It also means that he is a master at his art and he keeps practicing it in order to better himself.The second characteristic of a noble hero is that he struggles in order to remain undefeated.This means that he does anything possible to reach his goal.He struggles and suffers in order to perfect his art and therefore, himself, "No matter what kind of suffering and trial he has to go Kapadia 2through he has to fulfill his destiny…"(Harada 270).
The third characteristic of Hemingway's noble hero is that he accepts defeat.Once he is defeated, once he can better himself no more, he should stop trying because, "He lives in time.And the goal of time is death and destruction"(Harada 276).He should accept that he is no longer useful and that he has been defeated.These three characteristics define Hemingway's ideal man.In The Old Man and the Sea, Santiago exemplifies Hemingway's Code of Behavior for a noble hero.
In the novel, Santiago is a master craftsman.He is only dependent on himself.While the other fishermen use motor boats, Santiago uses his skiff. While the other men have many workers and helpers who hold several lines, Santiago has three lines all operated by his own hand.
He is an expert, "…the old man goes much farther out than the other fishermen and casts bait in much deeper water"(Gurko 66).Because he knows the waters and the movements of the fish, he has a better chance of catching the fish.Although he is taking a greater risk by going out deeper, he has a better chance of catching the bigger fish.Another thing that makes Santiago a master craftsman is his experience.He has been a fisherman all his life.
Therefore he has had much time to master this art.Though many fishermen might doubt him, he is great.He has skill and he applies it in order to succeed.He uses his hands and he uses his instincts to master the art of being a fisherman.
Santiago uses himself, his physical and mental strength to catch the fish, and by doing these things, his difficult task becomes easier.He is a master craftsman not only through his skill, but also through his determination.Kapadia 3Determination defines the second characteristic that makes Santiago a noble hero.He is determined and he struggles in order to remain undefeated. Although he has gone 84 days without catching a fish, he does not give up.He goes out on his 85th day with the mentality that this is the day when he will.