The threat of piracy poses acomplex set of challenges for the governments and the businesses likely to beaffected by it. Major concerns over the damage caused through piracy to globaltrade and impediment to the delivery of shipments grew in 2005 when variousInternational Organizations decided to join hands to eradicate the pirateattacks. Witnessing the failure of the Somali government to prevent a surge inpiracy, a resolution was passed by the UN Security Council on 20thNovember, 2008 calling upon the capable countries to deploy naval vessels andaircrafts in the affected region to fight piracy.
This was followed by anInternational Conference held on 10th and 11th Decemberorganized by United Nations Political Affair on Somalia which discussed the everincreasing acts of piracy and measures to stop the same. Realizing the need fora stern step to deal with this problem, a tougher resolution was adopted on 17thDecember, 2008 by the UN Security Council allowing International land and seaoccupations in pursuit of the pirates. On April, 2010, UN Security Council vouchedfor a more effective anti-piracy measure as no major decline in pirate attackswas seen. Through this resolution it called upon the countries to fullycriminalize piracy and pointed towards a possibility of establishment ofregional and international tribunals for the prosecution of the personsinvolved in the act of piracy. Further in 2011, the UN Security Council calledfor more international support for Somalia’s Transitional Federal Governmentand other regional authorities in Somalia for creating counter-piracy measuresincluding special courts, laws, prisons and policing capabilities. This wasinspired by the Resolution of 1976 which encouraged regional and federal actorsto engage in more effective marine resource defense against illegal fishing andhazardous waste dumping in the waters under jurisdiction.
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It is pertinent tomention here the role of UNDPA (United Nations Department of Political Affairs)which is an active participant in the International Contact Group on Piracy offthe Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) which is the main international forum forcountering piracy. Also, UN has initiated a political mission in Somalia incoordination with the UNDPA which focuses on promoting a political stabilityand rule of laws in Somalia. These measures taken up by the UN have proven tobe effective given the major decline in the pirate attacks since 2011. The international community hascontinued to support Somali Government in its effort to deliver commitmentsoutlined in the Vision 2016, but still a lot of efforts need to be put in thecountry for State-building. UN should continue its efforts to strengthen Somaliand other pirate affected countries in building capacity to prosecute pirates. Containingor ignoring Somalia and its problems is not an option that will end well. It isindispensable that more and more nations seek an active role in eliminatingSomali Piracy and criminalize piracy on the basis of international laws asexcogitated in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.1 There is a need tostrengthen central government in Somalia.
An efficacious government in chargeof the country will help restore stability, peace, bring forth jobopportunities and prosperity for its citizens and furbish up political andmilitary security in the region. International community shall also worktowards helping the World Food Program and other humanitarian agencies toenable them food and other humanitarian aid to the people of Somalia. Moreover,the numerous naval warships and vessels patrolling the waters of Somalia shouldbe on the scout for foreign ships dumping waste and those illegally fishing. Ifany of these ships are found culpable they should be arrested and tried for thesame.
There need to be established tribunal in the region for trying capturedSomali pirates and people guilty of illegal toxic waste dumping. Furthermore,internal conflicts of Somalia are right away related with the piracy at sea.Somalia is a failed state, but it is not a failed society.
It is also essentialthat the international community excogitate a plan to ensure that the supply offood aid to Somalia is not interrupted. Somalian people must be considered andlistened to by international community whenever deciding the policies of Somalia.Piracy can never be fully eliminated, but it can be controlled and restricted.Children of Somalia can be educated and supported, so that they never have tobecome a pirate again like their harbinger. 1http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsId=49143#.Vr9c9vl97IU