The Dobe Ju/' hoansi Ch 10: The Ju/' hoansi & their neighborso The Ju/'hoansi share the Dobe area with the Herero and Tswana pastorals. o They grow crops and have herds yet are all based on kinship and are don't have developed markets or governments.
o Herero's are the largest groups of in the Dobe area. They are Bantu speaking people.o Were influenced by the German missionaries who pushed them out of their land.They attacked colonists and Germany declared war, ultimately killing 60% of them.o Working on Herero cattle posts is major source of employment of the Ju. o With the H& T's came major ecological changes.
o Wells were deepened to ensure water supply for stock and were also fenced in.o Has created more sanitary water but less is available.Goats have also destroyed the grass.And each cattle post now has a permanent population of houseflies. o Working for the Herero's gives a Ju a donkey to ride as well as an outfit.Wages are minimum but it offers a calf in the long run and ability to offer relatives hospitality.o Intermarriage is common with Ju women marry Black men.
o Advantages- Ju woman are in the area and are use to the life in the bush.No bride payment for marrying a Ju woman.Good Lovers.o Disadvantages -Free Spited woman, wont listen to husbands. o SWARA – term used for a brother-in-law in an interracial marriage. It is used reciprocally and in a joking manner to help ease tensions.
Ch 11: Perceptions & Directions of Social Changeo Ju/'hoansi still isolated in 1963.Thought whites were wild animals.o Decade later isolation disappeared and knowledge about the outside world grew. Disagreements as to the progress o Shift from hunting to farming and herdingo Mobility is then restricted by the need for daily supervision of animals.Children are pressed into service.
Women become housebound. Conflict with idea of reciprocity. o Both Social and ecological factors were preventing Ju from farming.
o In 1967 first store opened in Dobe.o A number of Ju women became beer entrepreneurs.Many Ju's got drunk and parties were out of control.More store bough clothes, babies, donkey and goats were evident.o First School was expensive and required costly uniforms.o Regular attendance was required and students were not allowed to speak their native languages. o Increase in herding begins to gain support from the government.
o Brought new social problems. Breakdown of sharing, appearances for the first time of wealth differences, subordination of women.Ch 12: The J/'hoansi Today o More cash circulating in the Dobe area as well as more poverty. o Isolated foragers have become peasants coping with the demands of the state.Sharing has declined.o Three decades of gracing has turned Dobe into a.