the behavior i have chosen to modify is my sleeping behavior. i struggle to fall asleep at night. i often stay awake reading a book reading on my phone or watching anything on my phone. most nights i fall asleep on the couch because i find it more comfortable than my bed. with points to my main issue with my sleeping is the amount of time i spend napping. i use my days sleeping because most of the time the previous nights are used to complete tasks i was unable to do in the day. making the whole experience a never-ending cycle that i began one day in high school. i enjoy taking nap in the day and i always sleep on the couch. so i may have conditioned myself to think the couch is the only place i can get a proper sleep. with the use of classical and operant conditioning.classical conditioning is a technique of learning that occurs when an unconditional stimulus is paired with a conditional stimulus. the unconditioned stimulus naturally elicits a response without training the conditional stimulus is neutral. classical conditioning in a more detail form is based on automatic and involuntary behaviors operant conditioning focuses on intentional behaviors. operant conditioning focuses on strengthening or weakening voluntary behaviors while classical conditioning specializes in involuntary and automatic behaviors. i observed my bedtimes for a week, they were different every night. one night i went to bed at midnight and another was at 3 am. The earliest time i went to bed was 11:50 and the latest was 5.25 am. i did get up at the same time every morning because i have class at 9 am every day. the fact that i go to bed at different times each night causes my body to respond differently to sleepiness during the day. usually i would take a nap the day after going to bed late at night or i would sleep through my alarm. sleeping in my class is definitely a bad result of not enough sleep. taking naps once in a while is ok but i took a nap every day that week. this caused me to be extremely tired the following day. as a result i struggled to focus throughout the day and school work continue to suffer. overall the structure of my day was negatively affected by the lack of a good night; sleep. i can get other things done during that time if i was not so tired. my original plan was to be in bed at 10:30 every night. i wanted to be able to have all the things that take up my time at night so i could get 9 hours of sleep every night. well after about a week i realized that this goal was very unrealistic. i could never be in bed on time. at first my punishment was that i could not take a nap the following day if i did not get to bed on time. this punishment did not seem to affect me because i could not stay awake i ended up falling asleep when i was doing my homework. so when i did not go to bed on time i was not being punished. however i had the motivation to be in bed on time. so after a few days of this goal not working i switched my goal to be in bed by 11:30 every night. this seemed to be more realistic and i actually got some results. i decided to be more focused and very detailed so created a timetable or a plan to follow. start doing my homework at 5 pm eat dinner before 7 pm do my chores at around 8 pm complete the rest of my homework by 9 pm get into bed by 10 pm and lights out by 11:30 pm. i originally was going to try this for about 3 weeks but since i changed my method it became 2 weeks. the technique that i am going to follow is operant conditioning or operant behavior. which means emitted responses that result in certain consequences; these consequences in turn affect the future probability or strength of those responses.the objective is to make certain that a certain behavior about myself is modified or completely changed. this theory is also used in reversing habits such as smoking or overeating and in enforcing the engagement of healthier behaviors. there are different types of reinforcements and punishment: positive reinforcement negative reinforcement positive punishment and negative punishment. i used negative reinforcement which is the removal of a stimulus my phone and afternoon naps following a response which then leads to an increase in the future strength of that response. for my change i removed my phone and naps in hopes of increasing the possibility of going to sleep early.