SUMMARY OF ARTICLE BY SUJAUDDIN et al, 2017

SUMMARY OF ARTICLE BY SUJAUDDIN et
al, 2017

Household Solid
Waste characteristics and management in Chittagong, Bangladesh

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Rapid urbanization is taking place in
country like Bangladesh. The number of migrating people from rural areas to
urban areas is massive and this migration is developing many slums, which are
producing huge amounts of solid wastes that are getting quite difficult to
manage in all major cities of Bangladesh. These developing slums have huge
number of population which is tending to cause harm to the environment as they
are contributing the total solid wastes. Thus, solid waste management has
become a major concern for the cities and towns of Bangladesh. Solid waste is
irreparable degrading the urban environment and placing a serious threat to the
natural resources and consequently holding back equitable sustainable development
(Kumar and Bhowmick, 1998). The solid waste management sector is controlled by
the municipal authorities in Bangladesh. Their duty is to keep the city dirt
free and nourishing. Due to over population in many cities they are unable to
do their duty properly, resulting in unhealthy and unclean environment and this
is because they do not have sufficient labors to do the job. Dhaka city, the
capital of Bangladesh, produces an approximate of 4500 tons of waste per day
but Dhaka City Corporation can only collect about 42% of the total solid wastes
in the entire city. It is not happing only in Dhaka but in all major cities of
Bangladesh. With increase in population the waste is increasing proportionally
and controlling the waste problem is getting out of hand.

The objectives of the study were,
therefore, to make a move in the systematics study of residential or household
solid waste management, leading to qualification of the amount of waste
generation from the residential area, determination of its composition of waste
quantity with relevant socioeconomic parameters of the households, and
consideration of the management practices so as to identify the problems and
future prospects. (Mohammad Sujauddin et al, 2008).

The methodology was carried in many stages,
involving different categories of the objectives, the problems due to wastes,
diagram of the survey, daily measuring the waste of the sample household and
many others. Finally preparing the final reports. 75 hours were studies and
they were supplied by polythene bag in which they should put their daily waste.
The bags were collected every day from these houses and were weighed and
recorded. Then, these wastes are separated and again each wastes are measured
by their weight and recorded.

From this study it is clear that the
world is heading towards more highly developed models and methods. It is
possible to manage the wastes in the city if effective attention, research and
participation of the people living in that area is working together. The municipalities
of Rahman Nagar Residential area, Chittagong, Bangladesh will get help from
this study for better management models which will be benefited in the long
run.

The controlling of solid wastes
depends on many different factors. It will be quite difficult to manage all of
them but working together, both the municipalities and the people living around
will make it possible to control the solid waste problems. One of the main
factors is the population increase. The more the people in an area, the more waste
is created. The amount of waste also depends on how wealthy a family is. The
higher the income, the more they have needs. Peoples should know proper use of
a resource. Otherwise, we will be out of the resources within a very short
time. The municipalities should use sufficient manpower so that the solid waste
problems gets in control but the people should also help them by reducing the
amount of wastes and learn to reuse the resources.

To achieve the objectives of solid
waste management and to overcome the problems in Bangladesh, community-based
solid waste management has to be sustainable. (Salequzzam et al, 2001). With
assistance of national and international organization as well as government,
community based solid waste management should be started at every location in
cities and towns of Bangladesh to minimize environmental pollution. Waste
management program should be assessed periodically and closed observations are
always needed for continuous improvements.

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