Software Architecture is any system where softwarecontributes essential influences to the design, construction, deployment andevolution of the system in a whole. In Simple, the creation of the structuresand documentation to these structures.
In IT Industry, the softwarearchitecture is named as “Solution Architecture” which means the architecturewhich simplifies and produces a solution. Nevertheless,of whether building a software system, a network or a data base, a successfulsolution requires to understand the problem and create a vision that can becommunicated to everybody involved with the construction of the end – product.There are couple of types of architecture in the IT domain that are relativelydefined. 1. ApplicationArchitecture: Application architecture is all about looking inside theapplication to understand how it is built and designed.
This also includes how the application hasbeen divided into components as well as understanding the patterns, frame worksand libraries in use. It is predominantly about the software and organizationof the code.2. SystemArchitecture: A software system might have multiple applications comprising ofa client side mobile app communicating viaJSON/HTTPSto a Java Web application running on the server , which itself consumes datafrom a MYSQL data base.
Since each of these applications: the mobile app, theweb app and the data base is built using a different technology, where theyhave their own internal application architecture. TheApplication architecture primarily focus on software, system architecture isabout understand both software and hardware. The reason that most definitionsof a system architecture include references to software and hardware is thatyou can’t have a successful software system without hardware, even if thathardware is virtualized Somewhereout there on the cloud. In Saying, “All Architecture is a design but not alldesign is architecture”. Architecture represents the significant designdecisions that shape a system, where significance is measured by cost ofchange.
With the drastic movements such as agile,Lean, software craftsmanship, continuous delivery, the cloud and more. Togetherthese new approaches help IT Industry to build better software that meets theneeds of the business, carefully managing time and budgetary constraints. Benefits ofArchitecture:1.
Aclear map and roadmap for the team to follow, regardless of whether that visionis owned by a single person or by whole team .2. Technicalleadership and better coordination.3. Aframe work for identifying and mitigating risk.4.
Aset of firm foundations for the product being built.