Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian Committee (SOCHUM)CHMUN 2018United States of AmericaDelegates: Yukta Ramanan and Nayana Celine Xavier Rocky Run Middle SchoolIntroductionThe United States of America, colloquially known as the US, USA, or plainly America, is a global superpower and leader. The United States is famous for being the world’s oldest democracy, giving minorities rights, as well as one of the most productive economies in the world.
It is world renowned for having a strong base, and being accepting of all people. It is referred to as mixing bowl, which means that it is a diverse nation that does not discriminate against any race, religion, or ideologies. Many immigrants wish to settle in the United States, because it is a land of opportunity.
This is the reason why both topics are pertinent to the success of the country. Linguistic minorities are present all over the United States of America and though they wish to preserve their culture, they do not get the same privileges as those that speak English. Brain drain is a major aspect of the current society. It poses two starkly contrasting viewpoints, where highly skilled immigrants are looked upon as a boon or a curse. The delegation of the United States of America looks forward to resolve the debacle with compromise and collaboration. Topic One: Rights of Linguistic Minorities Linguistic minorities are a group of people that do not speak the dominant language spoken by the majority.
The dominant language of the United States of America is English, and this is the regional language for many other nations. Linguistic minorities may permanent residents or transitory, but they are not proficient in the same language as many others. For example, some Latin Americans speak only Spanish, because it is important in the preservation of their culture. Another example are the Native American peoples and the indigenous tribes that want to keep their legacy alive. They are currently allowed to setup distinct cultural and educational institutions to promote their linguistic communities.
Bilingual services are also provided when the need to contact a central office or governmental center arises. Topic Two: Brain Drain The Brain Drain, also referred to as human capital flight is the emigration of highly skilled people from their homeland to another. People leave their homes, friends and families in search of opportunities, higher salaries, and a brighter future for their children. Push factors such as poor working conditions, war, and political instability are forcing people out of their countries. America is the land of opportunities.
There are two starkly contrasting viewpoints to Brain Drain. Its occurrence depends on a variety of factors the term generally describes people that are trying to improve their living conditions by leaving their birthplace to seek a better life elsewhere. This is especially true for developing countries, where many qualified individuals are attracted by better opportunities developed, wealthy countries have to offer. Some believe that it is detrimental. When a large group of talented people enter the country many think that it deprives opportunities from the citizens that already live there.
Job opportunities may become scarce, and the people that seek the same opportunities may not receive them unless they work very hard against the corresponding competition. Another disadvantage is the unnecessary exodus of skills and knowledge. Many people say that developed countries take advantage of the Brain Drain situations in less developed nations. When people in underdeveloped nations face difficult circumstances in certain parts of the world, they feel the need to leave their countries.
Developed nations use flashy propaganda techniques to lure people in, holding promise of a higher salary, and higher living conditions. These skilled people may be of great use in their home countries. Every individuals has the potential to strengthen the economy by putting their knowledge to use in infrastructure, science, healthcare, and technology. Brain drain is actually a gain until the number of skilled people leaving surpasses the number of skilled people entering the given country. However, brain drain is also a problem in developed countries. In these nations, the loss of skilled people indicates a poor investment in their educations.
It can also lead to the drastic loss of large amounts of tax that high earners in good careers would have paid during their lives. Brain drain also has a positive side. Bibliographyhttps://scholarlycommons.law.case.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2537=cuslj