Similarities and Chesapeake colonies used indentured servants

Similarities and differences between the Chesapeake and New England
During the 18th century, New England and Chesapeake colonies had differences with a factor of society and settlement, such as New England’s unnecessary need for indentured servants and slaves while, the Chesapeake heavily relied on them, not to mention that New England’s motive for settlement was mostly for religious purposes however, the Chesapeake’s motive was mainly for commercial and profit rather than prayer, but had a similarity of
New England and Chesapeake colonies used indentured servants and slaves for labor. Though slavery was more than a labor system; it also influenced every aspect of colonial thought and culture. The uneven relationship it created gave white colonists an exaggerated sense of their own status. In colonial New England, two-thirds of adult males owned their own farm. A large landed estate worked by tenant farmers and servants were rare; the typical New England farm was modest in size and the owner’s family usually provided the labor to work it. Such farm families were often maintained by raising grain and livestock for themselves and only selling it at local markets whatever was not consumed. In the other hand, in Chesapeake the demand for labor on large estates was much greater, which resulted in a heavy reliance on slave labor to maintain economic growth, now that tobacco cultivation required intensive labor. At first, farmers hired indentured servants, men and women from England who sold their labor for a period of five to seven years in exchange for passage to the American colonies to harvest the crops. But, by the 1680s, there was a rise and fall in tobacco prices and the growing lack of land in the region made the Chesapeake less interested into people that were willing to indenture themselves. As a result, farmers began to look for alternative sources of labor however, possession of African slavery was a more expensive investment than white indentured servitude, because it guaranteed a lifetime service of free labor. Therefore, planters began to increasingly invest in the Atlantic slave trade.

Topic: Investment

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Last updated: November 6, 2019


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