Kara University, Islamabad Pakistan Abstract: Culture is a complex whole, comprises knowledge, belief, ethics, law, arts, traditions, and any other capabilities and behavior obtained by man as a member of society (Taylor, 1889). A unique culture is observed in various holy places of the world including Mosques, Hindu Temples (Mandarin), Churches and in shrines. Muslim saints and shrines, known as drags attract diverse range of pilgrims religiously. Some religious beliefs have more resilience and are retained or culturally transmitted by humans (Scup’s and Decors, 1 Corresponding author: had. [email protected] Com 10341
Tatty Baton, Ibid Chaffer Chuddar, Aziza Fatima, Abaft Aimed, Harris Foregrounding Development – Shrine of Hazard Barb Imam (R. A): Study of Shrine in Cultural Context 2009). The major purpose of the present research is to explore, which sort of culture is practiced at Shrine of Hazard Barb Imam or which and how these beliefs and practices culturally transmitted to adjacent areas of shrine. A sample of 1 00 devotees was randomly interviewed with the help of structured questionnaire from Nor purr Shaman village of Capital Territory Islamabad. Culture is an important feature of spiritual and religious events.
In spirituality, there are number of rituals organized and performed by the follower and they feel comfortable and get inner peace during these ritual. According to the study respondents shrines is a place of peace and comfort along with the place where their prayer get accepted with the reference of Holly soul. Key words: Spiritual culture, cultural rituals and practices, Barb Imam, Allay Allah, Manta, Drag, spiritual practices Introduction Religion is a part of different cultures but varies culture to culture and these cultural differences show up systematically in religious beliefs and practices.
Bearing several cultures in mind, four types of religion exists: shamanic, communal, Olympian, and monotheistic (Wallace, 1966). Nearly every religion includes both spirits and impersonal forces; similarly the supernatural beliefs of contemporary North Americans include beings (gods, saints, souls, demons) and force (charms, talismans, crystals, and sacred objects). The religions of many cultures focus on sacred sites and shrines (Cotta, 2002). Shrines are Socio-religious-cultural places where spiritual persons (Suffix saints) are buried.
Each foraging society has sacred laces linked with landscape where they live and are often marked or painted with petrol glyphs (rock painting) that tells the spiritual meaning Of that territory. Similarly, rituals which are practiced at these holy places convey information about the participants and their traditions. They repeated year after year, generation after generation, EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH – Volvo. II, Issue 8 / November 2014 10342 rituals translate enduring messages, values, and sentiments into action.
People perform them in special (sacred) places and at set time like believers sing and dance at Suffix ceremonies to heal women with mental illnesses at the shrine of Malay Dribs II (Moldering, 2011) and infertile women in Madagascar seek fecundity by spilling the blood of a rooster in front of phallic stones (Cotta, 2002). Different spiritual beings are associated or found at sacred places like Suffix, shamans, priests, God, Goddesses, ancestral beings etc. Through direct contact with the supernatural, people receive shamanistic powers usually by dreams, visions, or hallucinations (Scup’s and Decors, 2000).
Shamans acquire religious powers individually, generally in isolation, when the great spirit, the power, the great mystery, or whatever is exposed to them. They become the recipients of certain special gifts, for example by healing or divination; when they return to their society (Havilland, 2000). An illuminating example of a cosmic religion among foragers is Australian Aborigine notion of dream time (Stranger, 1 979) and two main forms of shamanism are found Intuit (Eskimo) culture. The shrine of Hazard Barb Imam was originally built on the order of McHugh Emperor Rearrange.
The shrine of Barb Imam is built on top of Medieval sites, therefore it is at least 450 years old. Shah Abdul Latin Quadric Gamma Mastheads R. A (Barb Imam) is a well renowned Suffix Saint of the Photograph egging (District census report of Islamabad, 1999). He is a Wall Allah and spiritual guide of Assails-e-Quadric, a trial which claimed spiritual supremacy over all other Suffix orders (Loamier, 201 3), of Hazard Seed Abdul Qatar Julian (RA). He had predicted for coming into the existence of Islamabad city close to his shrine. He was pious, righteous and preacher of Islam. He was true follower of the teachings of Islam.
Barb Imam received the sacred inner dimensions Of spiritual knowledge from Hyatt- al-Mir (Zinnia PRI) and He gave him the name of Barb Imam. Barb Imam converted countless EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH – Volvo. II, Issue 8 / November 2014 10343 Hindus into Muslims during the teachings of Islam at this place. That’s the reason the village name cohort-purr replaced into Nor-purr Shaman Barb Imam. Allay Allah gives physical and financial sacrifices to get the status of Wildcat and seeks the pleasure of God through worship and racial/meditate/devotion/abstinence. Allay Allah used to wear patched clothes on their bodies.
They are the symbol of poverty but they are face/visage/countenance of commitment and trust, Statue of patience and Courage, and are the picture Of FAQ and Asthma/careless. Distressed and eating woven people of time come to their threshold (absorbed) and return back with rich inner and outer satisfaction. That is why; people listen to them in their lives and follow their path after death. The shrine of Hazard Barb Imam contains a unique culture like other sacred areas. Believers of Shah Abdul Latin perform a variety of religious rituals at shrine to make connection with spiritual world especially the buried Saint.
Famous practices of this shrine are 0 Lightning rituals (burning of candles, charge, much and aggregating) L] Cheddar and spreading flowers on grave, locks, threads and Sharron C] Manta, anger, outbreak, sweets (Elicit Dana/Machine) C] Recite story of Hazard All LU Mortar (AS), Nat, Titillate, without shoes visit C] Slogans of Hazard All LU Mortar (AS) etc Believers present different things at shrine, when their desires fulfilled, including animals, money, gold, sweets, Des, milk, ghee, pitchers (geographies), dallies, share etc for showing their love with buried Suffix and Allah.
The rational of the present research is to explore, which sort of culture is being practiced at Shrine of Hazard Barb Imam or which and how these beliefs and 10344 practices culturally transmitted to adjacent areas of shrine. As well as, that reason which is hidden behind the adaptation. Material and Methods For the sake of present research in Village Onerous Shaman of Capital Territory Islamabad, a sample of 1 00 devotees was used to collect data by using different research methods. SEC Structured Questionnaire, Formal and Informal Interviews, FIG and Case Study Methods Were used by participant observation during field work.
Data was entered in SPAS and MS for analyzing and to get the requited format of results. Results According to the data collected through socio-economic census forms, the age distribution of respondents at Barb Imam is hon. as followed where 49 % respondents were in between the age of 20-40, were from the age of 40-60, 6% were in between the age of 60-80, and 2% were in between the age of 80-100. Following graph shows high percentage between first two age slots to perform various rituals because an effort is required to take the pilgrimage of the shrine.
It is also important to know that in this age people are mentally and physically fit and energetic, it helps them in understanding meanings and importance of religious rituals, symbols or belief and their performance as well. Lastly, people in this age are mostly concerned to education, business ND other daily life matters, so that they come to shrine for manta to get or fulfill their needs or desires which would pave their future course. 10345 Fig. 1. Age Distribution of Respondents It was found that males were 51%, female percentage were 44 and 5% were transgender in the sample who visited the shrine.
The high percentage of men and women shows that there is no as such restriction for women or men to visit shrine and its practices (ritual). This freedom of practice and visit is not just for male and female. It was also observed that transgender(s) also visit shrine to perform different religious titular (like mainmast (reciting holy songs of Suffix Saints) and manta) in contrast to visit mosque and other religious places. Bar Chart. I-Gender Distribution of Respondents The lesson of sectarianism is not delivered through the channels of shrine including mosque and imam bargain. The sample showed their affiliation towards different sects.
Around 68% of sample was belonging to All-e-Suntan and 32% were to All-e-Outstays. As shown in figure, the percentage of All-sunhat is greater than All-e-archways. The members of Quaff EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH – Volvo. II, Issue 8 / November 2014 10346 n the sample are from All-e-Suntan and Answers are from All-e-Outstays. Whereas, most of the respondent from neighboring community and other regular visitors were also of All-e-Suntan sect. Fig. 3. Sect Distribution of Respondents Discussion All the rituals performed at shrines have link with culture and represents a meaning in Nan-material world.
Some rituals are performed at each Wall’s shrine like burning candles and lamp, Fatima, spreading Cheddar or flowers etc. Cultural traits of Shrine Hazard Barb Imam are diffused in one way or the other in neighboring area. They perform many rituals that are associated to in anyway. They don’t proceed anything without indulging Hazard Barb Imam in their work. Culture teaches us to help others. In far away forests, Lila Allah used to pray and while praying they burn fire for light, help and guidance of travelers.
Lightning rituals including burning candle, charge and aggregating are performed at Shrine. The believers perform this ritual as a reminder of the practice performed by Hazard Barb Imam. And through which believers try to heal and illuminate the spirit. It provides strength to overcome the disease because love is the ultimate source of energy. This practice provoke out of love and gives energy/strength. 0347 It is observed in all religions and cultures Of world, the way might be different but execute happiness when people greet each other. They send blessings and use greeting sentences as well.
At shrine of Hazard Barb Imam whoever comes to visit greet Hazard Barb Imam by Fate, Outdoor-o-Salaam and Sarah Hasten. Similarly after the fulfillment of desires and by getting fizz, believers present different gifts to Hazard Barb Imam in accordance to their powers. Cheddar and flowers are also given as gifts. Red, green and black are the colors that usually used at the shrine Hazard Barb Imam and are diffused culturally. These three colors represent symbolic importance to believers. Green color is the color of peace and love. Similarly red is the color of protection of Islam and black is of love for Holy Prophet (BUY).
Therefore believers make use of these colors in clothing, ornaments, flags, Dalais, cheddar of shrine and where they want to get effects and satisfaction. Particularly green color has more importance and is used here in locale. Hazard Barb Imam was generally used this color in clothing because it is the symbol of love and peace. It also shows in His various pictures. When Hazard Barb Imam came here, it was an asylum of criminals ND famous as corrupt. He gave the message of Islam by their love and Hills (mildness/kindness), and made this place a house of love and peace.
People also show their love for Hazard Barb Imam by using this color. Culture is also transmitted through observation. People modify their actions and behaviors as a result of observations and their growing awareness that what the culture considers right and what considers wrong (Cotta, 2002). Hence, at shrine of Hazard Barb Imam the believers and non-believers come and ask mantas, means to ask or beg, because Hazard Barb Imam is very nearer to Allah and can advocate them in rent of Allah to grant them their desires. After completion of their desires they present gifts at shrine according to their powers and conditions. 0348 Case study # 1 Mr.. Khalid’s is 48 years Old man, came at shrine with birds in cage and freed them. He had a car show room. His friends often used to came at his showroom. One day his friend Ashram came along another man Hasty. Ashram said to Mr.. Khalid’s, Hasty needed a car on rent for ten days. Mr.. Khalid’s never gave cars on rent to any stranger but he gave because of his friend Ashram. After ten days, Hasty came to showroom and return the car. Police rate n showroom in three days and arrest Mr.. Khalid’s. Police took car in their custody. He was in shocked and couldn’t understand the situation what was going on.
When his family investigated to police, it was told that the car was used in several robberies. Mr.. Khalid’s told everything to police. Police rated at his friend Ashrams home for getting information about Hasty. Ashram was not found. At that time Mr.. Khalid’s that car was used in robberies. His showroom was sealed. His family and friends spent two months in his search but failed. He was distressed because the issue was not going to resolve. One day Mr.. Khalid’s cried with pain in prison. He prayed and asked to Allah and Hazard Barb Imam that he was not criminal, please helped him and bailed him.
He said to Hazard Barb Imam, he will certainly come to him when he got bail. After few days, those criminals were arrested in another robbery. During investigation, they told about this robbery. Hence Mr.. Khalid’s was bailed. Mr.. Khalid’s took pilgrimage Of Hazard Barb Imam. He prayed and said thanks to Barb Baby. And freed birds in front of Hazard Barb Imam because he looked after and bailed Mr.. Khalid’s. Word “Ours” is abstract from the word “Russ”. Russ means marriage, happiness and to united. It is celebrated on the birth and death of Lila Allah. Mostly Ours is celebrated on the death of Lila Allah.
It is also a moment of happiness, 10349 marriage and unity/meeting because lovers (Lila Allah) are united by their love (Allah) after a long time of separation. Ours is held after the death of Hazard Barb Imam in which believers participate and present their belief in different ways such as by Kigali, Dunham, Geographies and Dali which people brings from far off areas etc. Believers stay in camps as long Ours is performed. They prepare Lang by sacrificing animals and distribute among people. Specialists relevant with food and gemstone workers etc ere come in Ours.
Circus was held where all these people exhibited their specialties accordingly. Neighboring community was also participated in this huge ritual. They organized Ours, different ritual and participate. And were Provide place to live, food, shops and security to believers. Case study # 2 Mr.. Attain belongs to Rawlins. He is 34 years old. He works in Appeaser and he is the bread earner of his family. He is a regular visitor of Hazard Barb Imam. He visits Hazard Barb Imam at week end when he comes to his home. He was belonged to Ale- Saunas but his father believed in Loathsomely and participated in missals.
Likewise, he was interested in shrines and often took pilgrimage of shrine. It’s been long; Hazard Barb Imam’s Ours didn’t take place. Misaims is held after a day of Barb Baby’s Sirs. At the last Ours, when the misaims was held a suicidal bomber attacked in which much causality occurred. Mr.. Tannin’s father was in that misaims. He told the body of his father was not recovered. After this incidence, Mr.. Attain and his family visits Hazard Barb Imam and the place where there father was martyred. He told that his father didn’t have a grave so he came here to pray and cry. He feels relaxed that his father is with Barb Baby. 350 Government profited heavily by this ritual every year. From last some years Ours is not practiced due to security reasons. “Dali” (gift) is a very huge and important ritual of this shrine. Hazard Barb Imam met Shah Muhammad Shahs Lahore (buried in Lahore), when he went to Appeaser. Shah Muhammad Shahs Lahore was pleased and inspired by the spirituality of Barb Baby. Therefore, He presented a round bucket of flowers and essence Of roses to him. In the life of Shah Muhammad Shahs Lahore, every year he came to Hazard Barb Imam after 8 days of traveling bare footed, to bestow round bucket of lowers and essence of roses.