Cities inspired the people to run SO by themselves. O combined with the suffering during the Japanese rule, Singapore were more determined than ever not to be subjected to the rule of another power with its own set of interests. Desire to Step forward to run their country and fight for independence 0 do what they think is best. Practical problems after WI under the British Military Administration. Disruption to Economy – Crime was common due to high unemployment rate. Political Instability – Rise of Communists which were basically anti-British and the way British gave priority o their oven interests (again).
Most were built too slowly, and were mainly English schools. The MSP changed from anti-Jape to anti-British very quickly. They wrote articles in Chinese newspapers (we see the benefit of knowing a language your colonizers don’t) stirring up the large Chinese community against the British by blaming them for food shortage and pathetic living conditions. Initiated strikes (as a form of defiance and attempt to cause chaos in the British colony) like Hock Lee Bus Riots. Teachers in Chinese schools were not attended to by the British and hence was used as a platform or teachers to teach communist ideals to the students. ! ) Unlike those who were English-educated, Chinese (educated in their own language) could not get good jobs with good pay after completing education. They could not go for higher studies also. Communists propagated that this was greatly unfair and promoted the overthrow of the British government so as to appropriate Singapore resources themselves, to ensure equality for all. Hence Communists resented the British for lowering their opportunities and the British despised the Communists for causing chaos and threatening their position.
Social Unrest – Appalling slums, people packed in cubicles and dark airless tenements. What the British tried to do, and what they really wanted British tried to make laws and policies barring all other political parties from holding public meetings, arrested those responsible for the strikes. They also tried re-establishing tin and rubber industries, repairing and rebuilding bridges, docks and warehouses and communication networks. What they really wanted though, was economy, (Chambers of commerce) foreign affairs and defense. Basically draining Singapore economically and benefiting.
British giving in – The Elections 948 election, SSP (6 members in Legislative Council) Internal law and affairs SSP was led by British educated lawyers, but was not popular with the Chinese because it was Pro-British. The Riots in 1 9505 as an expression of further Anti-British feelings People continued to face social and economic problems 0 many blamed their discontentment to the British rulers E. G. The Maria Herzog Riots where the British interests were placed first and Malay culture disrespected. Sign of British failure to be sensitive to its colony culture. E. G. Anti-INS riots: Students thought that the British were trying to Sirius their education and furthermore, they were not willing to defend a government they were trying to drive out. Because British feelings were forcibly placed first CLC locals oppressed њ people unhappy. People saw it as discrimination and disrespect. Reaction: Render Constitution 1953 Gave locals more autonomy in internal affairs and quality of life. (industry, education, health, housing) British still retained control on internal security, economy, external defense, law. British thought that SO could still be used as a free port and military base. Step to self-government: The party must prove they are able to put down Communists and are pro- British. MERGER – 1961 Potential or Desired benefits from merger Benefit/ Concern Singapore Malay Economic More trade and job opportunities SO government felt the best way to resolve unemployment was to merge with Malay. Resolving unemployment could go in tandem with an expansion of market. Additionally, Singapore thought that expansion of market could go in tandem with making it a common market. 1 goods bought and sold freely without being taxed, bringing about not only a potential influx of customers, but enabling them to make more profit without the burden of additional tariffs which might drive away customers despite their efforts to keep selling prices low. Singapore also hoped she could rely on Malaysia as an amicable source for raw materials, tapping on Malaysia’s natural reserves to foster a vicious cycle of economic expansion (cause) and profit (effect) which would be used to further expand the economy. SO should not be an economic liability.
SO had no resources and hence was dependent on Malay. However Sac’s ambition for a common market meant that goods manufactured in Malaysia would face competition from SO. Indeed, the very act of taking Malaysia’s resources to make goods to compete in Malaysia was an act of exploitation, and was unbecoming of G’s political position as a subordinate state under Malaysia’s control and protection. Tactfully, Malay wanted these economic details to be worked out after signing the Merger agreement, (essentially they didn’t want it printed in black and white) and were not prepared to make any concrete promises.