Reason for Women participation in politics
Why women need to join politics and what urges them to do so? In this regard, there have been some facts, that answer this question. First is that Women’s political participation helps instill gender equality and affects both the scope of policy issues to be considered and the kinds of answers and solutions that might be proposed. Secondly, the gender of legislator has a distinct impact on their policy priorities, thus making it necessary that women are present in political institutions to represent the women concerns and that of other marginalized voters.
Further, as more women are elected to office, there is a consequential increase in policy making that accentuates quality of life and echoes the priorities of families, women, ethnic and racial minorities. It incurs positive and democratic impacts on communities, legislatures, political parties, and citizen’s lives. In a survey of 187 women who hold public office in 65 countries, the InterParliamentary
Union found that 90 percent believe they have a responsibility to
represent women’s interests and advocate for other members of society.26
• In India, research showed that West Bengal villages with greater representation of
women in local councils saw an investment in drinking water facilities that was
double that of villages with low levels of elected women, and that the roads there
were almost twice as likely to be in good condition. The study also revealed that
the presence of a woman council leader reduces the gender gap in school
attendance by 13 percentage points.27
• Despite representing only 14 percent of deputies, Argentina’s women
parliamentarians introduced no fewer than 78 percent of the bills related to
• In a study of Swedish women local legislators, women showed a strong
preference for childcare and elder care over other social issues. These differences
in priorities were reflected in local spending patterns, with more money directed
towards childcare and the elderly in districts with more female representation.29
• Fourteen percent of women legislators in the U.S. named healthcare as a top
priority issue, versus only six percent of male legislators who viewed health care
as a top concern.30 Consistent emphasis on healthcare by women legislators is
mirrored around the world.31
• Research indicates that non-feminist women are more likely to prioritize issues
that affect women than non-feminist male colleagues.32
• In places as diverse as Timor-Leste, Croatia, Morocco, Rwanda and South Africa,
an increase in the number of female lawmakers has led to legislation related to
antidiscrimination, domestic violence, family codes, inheritance, and child
support and protection.
Under women’s leadership, the manners of conflict resolution represent democratic ideals and women contribute to work in a less stratified, more participatory and more cooperative way than their male colleagues. They are also more able to work across party lines, even in highly tendentious environments.
For example, Twenty-five percent of women lawmakers in the U.S. refer to women from the opposition party as key supporters of their top legislation, while only 17 percent of male lawmakers do the same thing. Similarly, many women members of British Parliament have informally worked together across party lines on issues that are necessary to society, they include issues like employment law, equal pay, and violence against women.
Women lawmakers, acting as representatives see women’s issues more broadly as social issues, seemingly as result of the role that women have traditionally played as mothers and custodians in their communities, and that more women see government as a tool to help serve belittled people or minority groups. They therefore have often been taken as more receptive to community concerns and more active to constituency needs.
Studies of developing countries around the world show that an increase in women’s participation in the political life often leads to improved socio-economic conditions, as many of those women, more readily than their male counterparts, dodge poverty and service provision effectively.
Also, women, when empowered as political leaders, their countries experience higher standards of living, positive growth occurs in education, infrastructure and health, and palpable steps are taken to help deliver democracy the better way. After acquiring from 19 OECD countries, researchers found out that an increase in women legislators results in an increase in gross educational expenditure .
Further, after a survey of 187 women who held public office in 65 countries, the Inter Parliamentary Union found out that 90 percent of them have a belief in having a responsibility to represent women’s interests and advocate for other members of society . Non-feminist women are more likely to prioritize issues that affect women than non-feminist male colleagues . Hence, it is necessary to inculcate women’s role in the machinery of a country for its smooth running and better its working conditions.
Reason for Women participation in politics