oral disease- comes in different categories. Dental cavities ,Periodontal disease, Tooth loss, Oral cancer, Fungal, bacterial or viral infections and bad breath.
aetiology of oral diseases
Certain conditions or defects in the immune system may be the starting line for host to oral candidal infection and the commonest form of oral candidosis is candida-associated denture stomatitis, this is caused by denture wearers that do not clean the palette correctly . Although some earlier investigators linked denture stomatitis with trauma or bacterial infection, Candida albicans is in the mouths of patients with the condition.
progression of dental caries is a disease that starts with a transmissible bacterial disease caused by acids from bacterial metabolism eating into the enamel and dentine and dissolving the minerals. … the process resulting from many cycles of demineralization and remineralization.
Periodontitis. When periodontal disease affects the bone and supporting tissue, it is termed periodontitis and is characterised by the formation of pockets or spaces between the tooth and gums. This may progress and cause chronic periodontal destruction leading to loosening or loss of teeth.
Explain the development of plaque and its composition
Dental plaque is a biofilm or mass of bacteria that grows on surfaces within the mouth. It is a … Understanding the formation, composition and characteristics of plaque helps in its control. …. moist environment of the mouth and the presence of teeth, makes a good environment for growth and development of dental plaque.
Describe the inflammatory process.
The inflammatory response (inflammation) occurs when tissues are injured by bacteria, trauma, toxins, heat, or any other cause. The damaged cells release chemicals including histamine, bradykinin, and prostaglandins. These chemicals cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the tissues, causing swelling
Describe the effects of the disease process.
The disease process is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of part or all of an organism, and that is not due to any external injury Diseases are often construed as medical conditions that are associated with specific symptoms and signs.1 A disease may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions. For example, internal dysfunctions of the immune system can produce a variety of different diseases, including various forms of immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity, allergies and autoimmune disorders.