Once thought to be the disease ofthe west, Diabetes mellitus prevalence is increasing at an alarming rate.Diabetes is becoming an even larger public health issue with significant socialand economic implications. Diabetes is a kind of metabolic diseasecharacterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion,insulin action or both. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associatedwith long term damage dysfunction and failure of organs, especially the eyes,kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels.
Broadly categorized into TYPE1 andTYPE 2 diabetes. TYPE 1 Diabetes caused by an absolute deficiency of insulinsecretion, whereas, TYPE 2 Diabetes is caused due to resistance of insulinsecretion along with inadequate compensatory insulin secretory response(American Diabetes Association, 2014).Phytochemical screening ofantidiabetic herbal drugsThe screening of medicinal plants isof great significance, forming the building blocks of a tentative potentialmedicine.
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Possible through the extraction,screening and identification of medicinally active compounds in plant.Phytochemical screening enables in identification of compounds like alkaloids,terpenoids, flavonoids, carotenoids etc. that are frequently implicated ashaving antidiabetic effect contributing to antidiabetic activity.Antidiabetic herbal drugs Pharmacologicalevaluation of antidiabetic herbal drugs provides us further insights abouttheir composition, uses and effects. The characteristics or properties of adrug, especially those that make it medicinally active.
With the urban lifestyle it is becoming even more essential to find out alternative pathways formedicines for this severe disease which will be cost effective along with fewerside effects to be more prevalent amongst people. Here with the development ofevaluation of phytochemical and pharmacological evaluation of antidiabetic herbalplants, provide a strong backbone and a concrete proof about their ability toturn into a potential antidiabetic herbal medicine.