Once absolutism is promoted in government, so is the ability to exploit the people it serves. In George Orwell’s enlightening novel, Animal Farm, the vain attempt to escape a laborious lifestyle deteriorates as an ideal democracy is led into a totalitarian dictatorship. Four vital components prompted the absolute degeneracy of the bureaucratic government. First, they were incapable of achieving their ideal prospects governmentally and economically. Next, the republic had failed to develop an impartial balance of authority to prevent a system solely benefitting the class of superiority. Further, the ruling class’s rhetorical, manipulative aspects easily induced the civilians attributable to their ignorant naivety. Finally, the higher class corrupted the uneducated to gain a sumptuous lifestyle and form a rapacious pursuit of power. Consequently, the hopes of a once perfect, unified society will inevitably abide as a futile utopian dream.
In even a revolutionary fervor that supports good-intentioned motives, the corruption of ideals heightens the totalitarian society. For instance, the republic compensated their governmental objectives as an equal and unified nation. However, their ambitions would be difficult to execute due to the immense segregation entrenched among the animals that corresponds with their abilities. The citizens had established a detrimental mentality that pigs should play the highest role considering their reputation as the wittiest and most agile. Simultaneously, the remaining animals, recognized as the working class, endured onerous duties and carried the burden in maintaining the economic prosperity of the farm. Next, Old Major sought a booming welfare for the animals in which they would be able to provide for themselves in the absence of human beings. The farm had failed in attaining these expectations as the ideals were gradually abandoned and taken advantage of to benefit a limited portion of the animals. Brainwashed civilians incessantly presume that as long as their labor helped provide for themselves, the arduous days were yet an improvement from Jones’s times. Old Major’s dreams were deliberately eroded and soon abandoned. Finally, the animals envisioned a luxurious lifestyle that would be fulfilled by the windmill. Through Snowball’s plans, the windmill ensured promise for a better standard of living and to lessen the physical labor. The desires of electrical filled machinery, more food, and fewer burdens diminished. Instead, Napoleon uses the windmill to his advantage by devising it as a distraction for the animals while he garners his power. Rather than a three-day week, they were required full-time effort and labor. In their endeavor to achieve their visionary farm, ideals were gradually forgotten and obliterated.
The propaganda technique, Glittering Generality, was used to stimulate innovations towards the visions of the government. In this technique, vague, ambiguous statements and highly valued concepts are applied to create an emotional appeal. Old Major used it in his edifying speech as he acknowledges the idealistic life of ease and a promising bright future that would be acquired by overthrowing mankind. To internalize his idea and dissuade the animals, he creates the mindset based on overthrowing the dictators of the farm. In the instilling song, Beasts of England, he adopts a positive sense to instigate favorable sentiments. The words evoked a positive reaction and galvanize the animals to undertake the revolt. This anthem had spread ideas and drilled Old Major’s theories into the civilians’ heads. Snowball similarly uses Glittering generality to advocate his ideas of the windmill. He issues his argument by ensuring the ideal security of animals. In his argument, he illustrated animals fantasies such as the three day week, comfort heated stalls, and limited physical labor. The new society would no longer be able to obtain the original expectations of the farm.
In the strive to create a rebellion for freedom, the social and political regime failed to fulfill the animals’ initial vision of idealism. The farm centered around the illusion of an ideal world created by Old Major and its struggle to exist due to the rise of totalitarianism. Standard eradications were conveyed as their conceptual goals annihilated when segregation evolved, the laws of the republic were misused, and the windmill was utilized as a way to enhance the power of a dictator. Old Major’s primary dream was a society in which the oppressive power of human beings no longer prevails, which is shown as he states, “Only get rid of Man, and the produce of their labour would be their own. Almost overnight they could be rich and free.” (3:3) Core values of the farm were manipulated to serve the aspirations of the ruling class. Principles of the rebellion were subverted by Napoleon, and the Seven Commandments that were once the heart of the decisions were twisted to fit his own needs. The idealism betrayed by corruption and power was a fundamental factor towards the downfall of the animal nation.
In a government lacking a checks and balance system, people tend to naturally gravitate towards dictatorship and exploitation. A checks and balance system had the ability to prevent the all-power entity that seized absolute control over the citizens. The absence of this system silences the voices of individual citizens, such as when Napoleon first engages in trade with human neighboring farms. However, the animals had the inability to understand in regards to their deficiency in intellect, which allowed Napoleon to indulge in his darkest desires. When they suspected something was amiss, his despotic control of them was dominant over their paucity of power and knowledge. The foolish inhabitants in the farm instantaneously created assumptions that endorsed the rule and integrity of the higher class. Next, Commandment Four, which stated that no animal shall sleep in a bed, was subtly altered to support their ambitions. The pigs altered the initial commandment by indicating that beds are permitted without sheets. Naturally, the animals failed to recognize a sense of an equitable reality, as they relied on everything they were told. The ambiguity dissolves after Squealer managed to convince them that their memories were at fault. Subsequently, the ruling class gained the luxury to lead a pleasurable life and relish the comfort of a bed. Finally, as the principles of Animalism were frequently modified, the pigs ultimately reduced the commandments to a single idea, which ran, “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS.” (51:10) The laws were compressed without the concession of the working class, ending any pursuits that aimed to authenticate the faults in Napoleon’s erroneous ideas. The civilians felt it was unthinkable to oppose and perform otherwise as they were fearful of the brute force carried out by the dogs. As the commandments shifted with no system to thwart absolute authority, laws became lenient where they were once definite.
The Big Lie propaganda technique was utilized to indoctrinate animals in convincing them to accept and entrust the farm in the hands of the pigs. This technique uses a distortion of facts, and it establishes the concept that if the statement is big enough, it ought to be true. In a rise to power, the lies and deceit were exercised to mask the countless felonies the pigs had performed. Intellectual superiority was employed to dictate the civilians of the farm, creating falsehoods to deny their bad circumstances. Squealer instills frivolous numbers into the heads of the proletariat, and any form of true knowledge regarding the farm’s wellbeing was secreted. “The animals heard this with a certain bewilderment, but Squealer was soon able to convince them that their memories had been at fault.” (37:2) The animals’ lack of logic and rationale made them unable to decipher the commandments and allowed the pigs to easily create deceptions of the laws. Napoleon used the Big Lie to engage trade with human beings. Although such conducts opposed Animalism, the citizens remained oblivious to Old Major’s emphasized caution towards commerce with all Man. Animals maintained impotent power in opposing the laws, which soon created a society of oppressed labor to suffice the needs of the ruling class. In these regards, a system of impartiality counterbalancing tyranny is far better than national servitude.
As the forsaken hopes of a democratically managed Animal Farm extirpated, a government of dictatorship had returned but with a different leader. The farm had established a biased system, delineated when the pigs altered the commandments regarding animal equality, the prohibition in sleeping on beds, and the engagement of trade with human beings. Under these circumstances, an inequitable bureaucracy was formed, similar to the repression of their predecessor, Mr. Jones. The animals, however, neglected in recognizing the reinvention of the past and the social deprivation that subsists within Animal Farm. “The animals saw no reason to disbelieve him, especially as they could no longer remember very clearly what conditions were as before the Rebellion.” (35:2) This triggered the ascent of the ruling class’s power and sparked the collapse of the republic. It is incumbent upon society and its will to construct a checks and balances to ensure that power does not silence the voices of individuals or becomes unrestrained in its reach.
With a civilization consisting of an uncultivated populace, a sophisticated class can easily use intellectual privilege as leverage to persuade the gullible crowd. Boxer had become a substantial exemplification of naivete ensued in the farm, as he was a faithful follower of Napoleon. Despite his strenuous efforts and labor to help the farm prosper, he was ignorant and easily-motivated. He developed maxims and formed assumptions that were unsupported, doubtlessly stimulating Napoleon and his righteousness. The sheep also contributed to the credulousness of the proletariat regarding their role as blind support. Due to the sheep’s inability to comprehend, they were the easiest to influence. They ignorantly repeated mottos, such as the reduced Seven Commandments, and chanted it, undeterred by the particular situation. This was illustrated as they obligingly accepted the alteration in the reduced Seven Commandments. The chant was replaced by a new, completely antithetical bleating that encouraged the culture of walking on hind legs, which helped reinforce the dominant rule of the pigs. Finally, as the pigs emphasize Snowball’s betrayal to the farm, the animals consume and believe every word instantaneously. They were compliant and trusted the pigs, sparing no efforts to challenge Napoleon. By virtue of the animals’ naivete and illiteracy, they endured a life of misery in the hands of a dictator.
The propaganda technique, Slogan, was used as a method to influence the inhabitants
that live within the animal community. Slogan is a distinctive, advertising phrase that pertains a catchy use of words to captivate the audience’s attention. It is used in the reduced and altered version of the Seven Commandments to strengthen Napoleon’s rise in power. “Four legs good, two legs better.” (51:4) This constant recurrence echoed by the sheep was a slogan that inaugurated a way for a totalitarian regime to hold authority and power, as it indicated that the other animals were inferior to the pigs. This being as the slogan encouraged and promoted the forbidden human qualities that the pigs had perpetrated, while it also elevated animal exclusion in the working class. The mantra was endorsed by the gullibility of the working class as they continued to support it, unaware of the pigs’ real intentions. Boxer’s mottos served as an inspiriting device that was extremely influential. His slogans, such as his ceaseless cry that stated, “He will work harder.” (29:2) created an inspiration to the other animals, and it soon profited as a source of motivation to continue their burdensome tasks. The animals were infatuated by the determination behind Boxer’s mottos, and this admiration augmented their perennial belief in animalism. This form of persuasion became a powerful tool that helped execute the pigs’ goals, invoking the downfall of the illiberal society.
Imputable to the credulity that rampaged through the farm, the working class suffered under Napoleon. Obedience and ingenuousness remained within the guileless citizens, particularly exemplified by Boxer, the sheep, and the animals’ instant certitude of Snowball’s betrayal. The unquestioning loyalty towards Napoleon became their greatest weakness. Although advantages, such as Boxer’s strength and Benjamin’s awareness, gave them the capability in defying the exploited system, they let themselves succumb under the tyranny of a malevolent oppressor. The pigs heavily outwitted the general population of the proletariat as they had a remarkable aptitude for abusing language to manipulate and control an animal’s perception. “The animals seem to remember a resolution for this was passed in the early days, and again Squealer was able to convince them that this was not the case.” (26:3) In a sense, the animals ironically contributed to their own life of anguish due to their failure to think for themselves and the refusal to act. As they unambiguously obeyed Napoleon, who had no intention of creating an efficient farm nor alleviate the animals’ work, freedom was lost and destruction ravaged all aspects of equality.
The ruling class’s ability to overtake minds facilitated the rapacity of pigs that sought a sybaritic lifestyle. As the accession of power emerged, the pigs had a discrepancy in ruling the farm. First, the pigs consumed more than their fair share as they ate apples and devoured every ounce of milk. However, Squealer vouched to the animals that they were obligated to drink milk to preserve their health and manage a farm, accentuating the notion that Jones would return. The principles of Animalism were betrayed as the milk had exclusively become a luxury for the pigs. Napoleon also revealed his greed in power after his scheme of running Snowball off the farm. His dissatisfaction towards sharing control gave him a desire for absolute authority. He heightens his power by amalgamating multifarious techniques to bolster his ideas. This opposes Animalism tenets as it provoked drastic social divisions among the animals. Finally, the pigs used produce acquired from labor to their sole conveniences by buying whiskey. This extensively contradicts the Fourth Commandment that specified that animals are prohibited from drinking alcohol. To avoid suspicions, the pigs modified it into stating that the consumption of alcohol without extent was permissible. They sent Boxer to the knackers as a way to gain money for whiskey. The greed and longing for supremacy became a driving force for the vile dictator.
To consolidate his power, Napoleon uses the propaganda technique, Name-Calling, which trivializes opposition through verbal abuse. The technique adopts disparaging phrases based on fear, repugnance, and prejudice. In circumstances in which the actions of the ruling class were challenged, the pigs relied heavily on these tactics to keep the animals docile. Name-Calling is used as Squealer and Napoleon demonized Snowball, claiming that he was responsible for the complications that eventuate in the farm. By abolishing all mistakes and error, Napoleon had maintained power and labeled himself up to be a perfect, accomplishing ruler. To convince animals to tolerate the pigs’ deeds, Squealer also stressed that any opposition would broaden the risk of Jones’s return as he claimed, ” The hunger for power created denigrations that all animals consequently anguished in.
The possibility of corruption lies within all societies that are dominated by greed and voracity. The pigs’ luxury of sleeping in the farmhouse, eating apples and milk, and drinking whiskey showed their avaricious desires. As a covetous leader, Napoleon possessed the main power in government but had no concern for the farm’s welfare or interest in the other animals. The concept of Animalism would be difficult to follow owing to the pigs’ unwillingness to share authority or maintain social equilibrium. “The order went forth that all the windfalls were to be collected and brought to the harness-room for the use of the pigs.” (14:1) When power is placed in the hands of voracious leaders, a government of sovereignty is unattainable. The inexorable edacity rendered by the ruling class led to the tragic fate of Animal Farm’s collapse.
The political satire of Animal Farm portrays nature of human tyrants and the provoking rationales that spawn destruction in an egalitarian society. The dystopian novel demonstrates a concept that power tends to lead to corruptibility if a dominant force abuses their authority. Orwell warns of a society that falls into hegemony and the imminent risks of a socialist regime. It reveals an unbiased nation in which citizens lack a political voice. The novel predicts a world of modern authoritarianism along with a group’s capability in using tactics to attain power and indoctrinate the minds of individuals. New leaders today are able to easily manipulate and brainwash people through propaganda. Donald Trump, for instance, instills seeds of fear to the populace as he demonizes Mexican immigrants by labeling them as a source of crime and stresses the risk of terrorist attacks against the US. He abuses his presidential authority for personal purposes, as he uses it to protect himself against inquiry and avoid any signs of his misconduct. Social media became an effective tool in the ascendancy of a dictator by advocating ideas. It sets the standards for society, ultimately compelling all who those who fall victim to it to act what is expected of them. In these circumstances, leaders gain the advantage to seize and expand power, using people as pawns to accommodate an agenda of their own.
This timeless novel symbolizes a satirical allegory to the revolution that took place in Russia in 1971, leading to the rise and fall of the Soviet Union. The various events in the book symbolize the fundamental episodes that surround the Russian Revolution. The fictional characters were created by Orwell to depict the figures that played an essential role in the historical event. Karl Marx was a Greek philosopher that inspired the rebellion. He envisioned a world where someday, the proletariat would unite and rise against the capitalist oppressors. Leon Trotsky was a persuasive speaker in the revolution and an intelligent Marxist theorist. He made significant contributions in the Russian Civil War and hoped to protect the Soviet Union from the outside. However, he was soon expelled from the Communist Party and was executed in 1940. Joseph Stalin became the Communist leader of Russia from 1897-1953 after he struggled for power against Trotsky. His ideas largely differed from him as he aimed to keep communism within the Soviet Union, whereas Trotsky sought a worldwide revolution. Under his brutal reign, millions of citizens died of execution, starvation, and torture. The Soviet Union was transformed under the totalitarian dictatorship. This novel imitates the heinous travesty of the past that was initiated within a rise of power.
As social media continues to advance and develop in a modern society, it paves a way for the abrupt global catastrophe known as totalitarianism. To avert an authoritarian regime, a nation in which citizens accept the concept of challenging prejudiced notions must be established. This prevents populace depravation that was contingent on manipulative techniques a gluttonous group initiates. It is essential for a society to raise awareness towards the possible corruption of set ideals as a result of word abuse. Most civilians that suffer under the repressive rule of totalitarianism are oblivious to the dictator’s maneuvers. Thus, education and literacy are primary factors in an unbiased nation, as it encourages a voice in opinion and enables a broad mind. Humans would no longer become a slave to the autarchy’s stratagem, and the minds of the once silenced people would be able to reach their full capacity.