Nearly every country preserves awetland to some account. Some wetlands are periodically aquatic and terrestrial.
On planet Earth, there are many essential elements that humans and animals needto survive. One of the essential element is the wetland. There are manywetlands across the globe covering around four to six percent of the tropicaland subtropical surfaces of the land. Wetlands are found in swamps, marshes,and bogs as well as the ocean.
Humans also manually make wetlands such as fishand shrimp ponds, farm ponds and much more. Wetlands also protect the shoresfrom brutal, waves as well as reducing the flooding from a storm, captivate thepollution, and keeps the water quality in great care. They also give animalsand plants a home and which has a widespread life. Without these wetlandsacross the biosphere, the water supply will disappear which can lead to adistinction between animals and plants. Although Florida isknown for their wetlands, Georgia has a variety of wetlands as well. The StoneMountain Park is a recreational/vocational park not too far from Atlanta,Georgia.
This park is full of adventure for those who love nature. Someactivities are shopping, hiking, golfing, and more. At the park, there is anature trail that travels miles down the hill to the lake full of diverse typesof wildlife and plants. On December 16, 2017, 5:56 pm I visited the Harold Coxnature garden which is one of the nature trails of Stone Mountain Park. Thetemperature was 29 degrees Fahrenheit it felt like 10 degrees Fahrenheit. Therewas no sunlight as I took a journey through the trial; I noticed that it getsdark there fast just like temperature.
While walking, I noticed that this parkhas a beautiful lake which is an inland wetland that is not connected tostreams or rivers. While walking back to the car, I came across a herd ofwhite-tailed deer’s roaming the area looking for food while observing me at thesame time which I thought was a wonderful experience. The geomorphology of Harold CoxNature Garden is in DeKalb County facing North of the mountain.
This is a5-mile trail of historical pit-stops from the Cherokee Indians. This NatureGarden Trail is a woodland forest with plants such as tulip poplars, loblollypines and several types of maple and oak trees. Due to the winter, there aren’tany live leaves on the trees as you look around. This wetland has an impact onclean and filter water and gives a home for many endangered plants and animals.This park has had seasonal flooding, the land is smoothed due to the mainelevation of pressure throughout the Northeast.
I looked around there were alot of declines and inclines throughout the trail watch your step as you walkyou may slip and fall. During Stone Mountains winter season, the temperaturedoes stay same causing this wetland to have a lingering impression ofunpleasantness. The trail has a stream like forms that flare out from the lakeinto the forest surrounded by water. From the open water, 79 percent is fromthe lake while the other water is about 22 percent throughout the forest.
Eventhough its winter beauty awakes you just from the site of nature.VegetationThe vegetation in the park has a lot of wood liketrees and very little of submerging plants in the region. As I took a journeythrough the trail, I noticed a large root standing up from the ground next tothe runoff from the lake which was a bald cypress tree by itself which wasunique to me because I normally see those type of trees in Florida this time itwas in Georgia. The tree had big roots and was above the water. The roots gainoxygen during flooding season.
I also observed the water level of the lake isnormal from the previous snow due to the seasonal change. Below I have several pictures I came across whilewalking the trail of the park. There was other vegetation going in and out ofthe water. The hydrophilic vegetation was along in the Lake whichwas quite fascinating.
The park has a lot of Georgia Aster and Georgia Aloe. Even though the Georgia Aster(Symphyotrichum Georgianum) was not visible to see due to the weather, thisplant stood out. Its native home in Georgia and is almost extinct.
The GeorgiaAster is a deciduous perennial; it dies back to the ground each winter andsurfaces again in the spring. With quick up growth hairy stems, side branchesand oval leaves reach around five feet tall. It can grow up to three to fivefeet and has small purple flowers that range about three to four inches fromthe stem. The Georgia Aster only sprouts up in October and November which isthe fall, the flowers have a dazzling violet petal with a white and red at thecenter.
There was some floating vegetation on the edges of the lake with plentyfallen leaves like the Georgia oak, pine cones and more.WaterStone Mountain Park has runsthat are connected to the lake called the Stone Mountain Lake. The lake haspersistent water flow throughout the year. In the water, I saw the imprintsfrom the water levels stating that the water was higher in the spring andsummer. Stone Mountain Park is a semi-permanently flood zone due to the waterlevels.
The way the water flows, it enhances the ecosystem roles and isvaluable to the environment. Stated before in my essay, the baldcypress tree allows the roots to get oxygen during flooding. I also said thatthe water levels are back normal ever since the snow left. The water level mostof the year is consistent, which makes Stone Mountain Park is a semi-permanentwetland: small intermittently flooded depressions in the forest which is onlywet in the winter and the early spring. Soils The soil in a wetland ishighly important to know due to the type of vegetation in that region.
Thereare four types of soil which are: loam, sand, clay, and silt. At Stone Mountain Park, thesoil of clay is all throughout the park. I can say the soil was cold and had adry texture to it. Also from the previous snow made it feel sticky when I wastouching it. There is a table that shows different soil types (picturebelow).
The soil of the ground is inthe B horizon layer. A subsurface horizon showing depletion of organic matterand buildup of clay. Clay is typically iron and aluminum-based compounds whichis the middle layer of the soil horizon chart. Wetland ClassificationTo be a wetland, a terrestrial must have three structurespresent: vegetation, soil, and water. Based on these three conditions StoneMountain Park is a wetland.
Also, theproperty of Stone Mountain Park spans out to span 3 acres and there is about a10-mile hiking and walking trail in the region of woody plant species. StoneMountain Park is near a lake which makes it an inland wetland stating that itsclassification is lacustrine. Stone Mountain Park is a freshwater marsh and aforested wetland because it is associated with a lake and has no ties to any riveror stream.
Also, Stone Mountain Park is known for their clay soil. The soil islong-term weathering condition from what is left behind which is iron whichgives the soil that emblematic color. When the trees and other vegetation ismoved from their region, a mixture of silicon, aluminum, and other periodicelements turns the soil reddish orange. Stone Mountain Park will always remaina wetland. Conclusion In conclusion, Stone Mountain Park is awell-organized park with is the largest exposed mass of granite in the world.The Harold Cox Nature Garden trail allows you to walk with nature viewing themountain streams and towering trees standing next to you.
This a place toappreciate the true beauty of wildlife also a peaceful place to reminisce andclear your mind while learning about indigenous plants and animals. The naturegarden is well maintained and protected by police and park rangers sweeping theareas with supervision to make sure visitors honor and respect the historicallands to security for damage. The benefits of this wetland can improve thewater quality from lakes, runs, hammocks, bogs and more; as well as theirability to help control the flooding within the area. Stone Mountain Park isnot only known for its nature but it’s a place of easing and spending qualitytime with your family. Adventure moments is laying before your eyes.
Also,there are tons of excitement for the yearly events such as Native AmericanFestival and Pow-Wow, Stone Mountain Christmas and more. Stone Mountain Parkwill always place for adventuring.