K&U attraction. Heterosexuality is an attraction to

K&U
1.

What are the main
components of diversity?

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The perception of
diversity embraces acceptance and respect. It means tolerating and
understanding that everyone is unique and knowing their differences. These can
be together with the dimension of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation,
age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, socio-economic statuses, political
beliefs or other perceptions. Diversity is all about understanding each
individual and progress further understandable tolerance to grasping and
achieving these dimensions that are concealed within everyone.

·        
Race.

Is
considered an authoritative social class which was forged in the past through
slavery, persecution and conquest. Race is noticed by one’s physical genetic
and cultural characteristics.

·        
Ethnicity

Is
when a person or group of persons are associated with another group of people
mostly based on beliefs, language, nationality, race and other apparent
resemblances.

·        
Cultural Diversity

In
any culture around the world, diversity is nothing more than dissimilarities
from the majority. Culture is a set of norms that set definitive behaviour of
what is or not acceptable in society. This type of diversity is manifested in
the distinctiveness of one’s identity in a group and society that make up
humanity.

·        
Sexual Diversity

Is
not just concentrated on biological dissimilarities between a woman and a man,
but this diverse component concentrates also on sexual orientation.

            Sexual Orientation

A person’s sexual orientation is not about
the colour of one’s skin, this is a term used to describe the humans’
prototypes of emotional, romantic and sexual attraction. Heterosexuality is an
attraction to the opposite sex, homosexuality is the attraction of the same sex
and bisexuality, the attraction of both sex. These are the three common
categories mentioned when sexual orientation is discussed. Thus, other
categories of sexual identification exist apart from these three. Queer for an
instance is an umbrella term for its nonspecific orientation.

·        
Family Structures

Despite
developing lifestyles and ever-increasing personal mobility that build modern
society, families continue the main element of present-day life. Families
deliver security, protection and companionship against all odds of the world.
In the years, family structures, like society, have experienced momentous
changes.

§  The
Nuclear Family

This is the traditional thought type of
family where there are the parents and siblings. Even though this is the more
common and basic family settlement, it also rife with intricacies such as
parents might start to consider whether to have more than one child.

§  Extended
Family  

When talking about extended families, it
is usually referred to the grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins. This type
of family structure can be as rewarding as growing up in a nuclear family.

§  Working
Parents

When the other parent decides to go back
to work can be difficult especially for those who are new to parenthood.
Though, missing the child’s first encounters with the world can never be
replaced, but each family has to make these types of decisions on their own.

§  Single
Parents

Diverse attenuating experiences may result
in a single parent. Normally a single parent is caused by divorce but a parent
that has lost his or her wedded partner or a woman who was never married can
even be considered as single parents.

§  Older
Parents

Couples who have children later on in
life, probably have less energy than their younger counterparts and the situation
will only be more pronounced as their child matures. Parents who have children
later in life face several advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side, they
are most likely more financially stable, secure in their job and home, and
clear about what they want.

§  Younger
Parents

Parents that have children in their
teenage years, face u numerous amount of problems. Firstly, social stigma
attached to having a child at an early age. With some cases the new parents do
not get any family support, and this leaves them to cope on their own. This
results for the parents to have financial problems which leads to seeking all
the financial and emotional support they need to bring their child into the
world. Another difficulty teen parents face, is that they cannot continue their
studies and find their dream career.

§  Older
Siblings

If parents have another child years after
their first child, the new baby may end up having three parents. It might be
that the older sibling helps in watching over his/her sibling, mentor and care
for. In any case the older sibling may refuse to help in such a role.

§  Step
Families

In the past eras, step families were exceptional,
and most individuals did not know how to relate to such situation. Presently,
as the marks of shame against separation against separate and remarriage
proceed to break down, increasingly step families are coming together. While it
is never simple to combine two families together, step families can be an
opportunity to fashion modern, enduring, cherishing bonds.

§  Adoption
  
Adopting
a child can be exceptionally challenging, there are long and now and then
embarrassing tests into the parents’ lives and domestic judgement about the
potential capacity as a parent. There are moreover numerous distinctive methods
of adoption to consider. Adoption can be done through an agency, newly parents
can also refer to private adoption services, foreign and open adoptions or
independent adoptions.

§  Economic
Inequalities

Economic inequalities
are most obviously shown by people’s distinct positions within the economic
distribution – income, pay, wealth. Income Inequality is the extent to which
income is distributed unevenly in a group of people. Pay inequality therefore
describes the difference between people’s pay and this may be within one
company or across all pay received in the country. Measurement of income can be
on an individual or household basis – the incomes of all the people sharing a
household. Pay Inequality A person’s pay is different to their income. Income
is not just the money received through pay, but all the money received from
employment (wages, salaries, bonuses etc). Household income before tax that
includes money received from the social security system is known as gross
income. Household income including all taxes and benefits is known as net
income. However, people’s economic positions are also related to other
characteristics, such as whether or not they have a disability, their ethnic
background, or whether they are a man or a woman. Wealth Inequality refers to
the total amount of assets of an individual or household.

K
2.

Describe the difference
between absolute and relative poverty.

Absolute Poverty

As a result,
the absolute poverty’s dividing line is based around a minimal level of income
that allows an individual or household to meet their basic needs. The uncountability
of poverty in the global personality then allowed the founding of a poverty
spectrum, with absolute poverty at the very end of the scale, regardless of the
judgement of its apprehension mentioned above. Hence, one can assume that the strategy
taken in undertaking absolute poverty is one that pursues to defend the lives
of those living below the absolute poverty line by supporting them with access
to crucial services. Henceforth, social scientists have brought up additional
factors, such as social exclusion, into the poverty debate as an effort to widen
its definition and achieve a better understanding of this phenomenon. “It
depends not only on income but also on access to social services” (UN, 1995). Absolute
poverty is a situation defined by severe deprivation of basic human needs,
including food, safe drinking.

 

§  The
food – energy intake method,
in which the supreme destitution line is characterized by the level of wage a
family must have “to meet a predetermined
food energy requirement” (World Bank, W/D). As costs shift inside
locales of the same nation, this leads to errors in the outright destitution
line set up for said nation. 

§ 
The cost of basic needs method in which the neighbourhood costs for a
list of nourishments frequently consumed by the destitute in the locale is
taken into thought. At that point, “a
specific allowance for non-food goods, consistent with spending by the poor, is
added” (World Bank, W/D), setting the outright destitution line. Finally,
it is worth noticing that supreme destitution —and thus, its measuring— is a
term more as often as possible related with creating nations and as such, has
small put on its possess in created nations, where it frequently needs supporting
by markers concerning relative poverty.

Relative Poverty

Is often considered irrelevant and hence it is avoided. This can be interpreted
by the methods used to measure relative poverty, where a family is considered
poor if its revenue is less than a certain percentage of the national’s wage. As
a “comparative economic deprivation” and says that “it is based on the notion
that poverty is relative to a society’s existing level of economic, social and
cultural development” (Richmond Vale Academy, 2017). This is because there is no conclusive way to
affirm absolute poverty, since the poor in certain countries do not rely on 1
or 2 dollars per day income that comprise the international absolute poverty
line. That is to say, if studies show stable levels of relative poverty and subsided
levels of absolute poverty, this means that there is a sign of economic increase.
Relative poverty levels are measured in rich countries and those in the late
stages of development, whilst absolute poverty is determined in third world
countries, where people live on less than the bare minimum to survive still thrive.
Relative poverty is related, because it prohibits the competence of families
whose income is considerably inferior than the ordinary society.

K
3.

How do various forms of
discrimination leave an impact on children? Use examples to help you
demonstrate further your knowledge.

The impact of bias on children’s cognitive and or academic
development, can have some particularly negative consequences their sense of
self and social integrity. When schools face children positively they offer
them cognitive and academic creative, and culturally relevant learning
experiences. They most likely to adopt positive relation to the outside
environment. On the contrary children that have negative views about themselves
in school are less likely to achieve academic success. Family is undoubtedly
the key setting where children learn and develop, most of their learning takes
place before attending school, they start to observe social behaviour. Young
children gain a lot from being taught in positive surroundings as their improvements
are appreciated. Children normally start school at the ages of 4 or 5 years,
when they are constantly developing their competence to communicate with society.
On the contrary, when schools focus on their recognised weaknesses, children encounter
negative perceptions of themselves. Wen-Jui Han specifies that “schools
serve as another important influence by being children’s first connection to
the external macro-environment and the place where they spend most of their
day.

S
1.

Plan and design a
children’s needs assessment. By reflecting about a particular case that maybe
you have already encountered during your past placements. Compile the needs
assessment so as to show the effects of inequalities on children. To be able to
compile the needs assessment you have to identify 1 specific and concrete need
that the child had and then plan questions that you would ask so as to assess
how this need might be affecting the child.

The Need

Child has a difficulty to
build up simple words, names, cannot follow directions.

Questions for the child

Ask the child to say
animal out loud to see where the problem is

“Can you rhyme dog and hog please?

“What colour is the sun?”

“Can you point out the picture of the dog please?”

Remind the child that it
is break time and he/she needs to get their bag to start eating.

Questions for the
practitioner

“What
type of activities do you implement to help improve his/her need?”

“Do
you plan your activities based on the child’s needs?”

“Do
you guide the child during the day, and give one to one attention? Or as a
group?”

“As
a practitioner do you attend to PD sessions and speak about the child’s
difficulty?”

Questions for the parents

“Do
you know how the practitioner address this certain need in the class room?”

“Are
you providing any resources to help in your child’s need?”

“Do
you seek any professional help to guide you on how you should tackle his need?”

“Does
the child understand you when you give him/her orders to follow?”

“Is
the child having a positive communication environment?”

K&U
6.

Discuss and demonstrate
the many ways that workers can promote inclusion in their practice.

Working and getting to know
colleagues irrelevant of what their cultural background is, helps to find mutual
understanding and deepen the gratitude towards diversity, and promote an inclusive
working place. People from distinct cultural backgrounds may have different ideas
and approaches towards business. Currently, it is more likely to interrelate in
a professional way with such people and your cultural backgrounds. The ideal method
to endorse diversity in the working place, is by grasping it and work to develop
sympathy. Diversity is made up of various forms, by encouraging inclusiveness and
diversity within the working place, this is a best way to promote a tolerant environment
by respecting individuals’ boundaries and cultural differences. For example, one
must be knowledgeable about different cultures and how one should behave towards
others for example; maintaining eye contact, and respect one’s personal space.

K&U
5.

Furthermore, discuss the
role that other professionals and tools (such as interpreters, translators and
braille) have in addressing inequalities.

Educational Interpreters

Focusing on
interpretation in the school setting, which is challenging job especially when
working with young children. This service is offered for those who have hearing
impairment such as deafness and hard-of-hearing. The educational interpreter,
understands the child’s strength and to accommodate the child’s needs. One of
this professional’s roles is that he/she teaches the child to not only sign but
also learn lip reading, as in the outside world not every person is familiar
with sign language. This helps the child to interact more with society and does
not feel left out in conversations with others.

Learning Support
Assistant

The LSA has a thorough
job when working with various needs around children, she must work closely
around other pupils in the classroom and help the teacher throughout the day.
The LSA’s role is to differentiate materials to enable the child’s access,
recording and monitor the his/her progress. During her time with the child, the
LSA needs to do necessary evaluation and adaptation to the child’s needs, also,
this will help her when the IEPs session take place to give feedback to the
statemented child to other professionals. This type of profession does not only
include children whom are wheelchair bound and unable to move, children who
have learning difficulties, gifted children and other non-physical needs,
benefit from this professional to help them improve their development. It is
her duty to guide and teach the child basic ways to get along with others and
help them to interact for their future benefits.

Tools for the visually
impaired

When reading about
visually impaired people, we get the impression of blind people. When a person
is visually impaired, it does not mean that he/she is blind, but they may have
problems in seeing clearly and other difficulties which regard their vision.
During the years, helping these people are improving and this helps to include
them in society. Such tools are: braille (which has been invented in 1824)
which accommodates blind people, large print or audio files. These tools all
help to improve inclusion and equality and make the society aware of such
needs.

K&U
4.

Describe how you would
conduct an activity to facilitate access and participation for disabled
children and children with additional support needs.

As a teacher, showing
support alters the physical, social and or temporal environment. If certain
resources and materials are not adequate for the child, modification of these
materials to give access to the child to manipulate them. For example, during
painting; if a child who does not have the strength to stand for a prolonged
period, a chair must be provided so that the child can sit and continue with
his/her participation sitting down. During activities it is an effective way
that adaptive devices are used to allow the child in need access and can
participate fully. When planning the activity, it is important that it is
simplified, broken down into smaller parts and the number of steps are reduces.
When the activity is taking place, it is needed for the teacher to speak in
simple and clear tone so that all children understand, if need be pictures may
be included for better understanding. For more encouragement during play, the
teacher must take in consideration to base the activities to the child’s
preferences such as materials. For more support it is advisable that other
peers/teacher help and join the child during play to encourage through
modelling and commenting.

References

Psychology
Today. (2017). Sexual Orientation | Psychology Today. online
Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/sexual-orientation
Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.

 

Garden,
H., Parenting, P. and Advice, P. (2017). Understanding Family
Structures and Dynamics. online HowStuffWorks. Available at:
https://health.howstuffworks.com/pregnancy-and-parenting/understanding-family-structures-and-dynamics-ga.htm
Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.

 

Ethnoconnect.com.
(2017). What is Cultural Diversity – An Article by Michael Soon Lee,
MBA, CSP. online Available at:
https://www.ethnoconnect.com/articles/1-what-is-cultural-diversity Accessed 2
Dec. 2017.

 

Equalitytrust.org.uk.
(2017). How is Economic Inequality Defined? | The Equality Trust.
online Available at: https://www.equalitytrust.org.uk/how-economic-inequality-defined
Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.

 

Richmond
Vale Academy. (2017). Absolute Poverty Definition and Threshold –
Richmond Vale Academy. online Available at:
http://richmondvale.org/absolute-poverty/ Accessed 2 Dec. 2017.

 

Richmond
Vale Academy. (2017). Relative Poverty – Richmond Vale Academy.
online Available at: http://richmondvale.org/relative-poverty/ Accessed 2
Dec. 2017.

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