Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an enlightened thinker who stood out during the 18th century. During his prime, he created a social contract that contained various controversial clauses as they focused heavily on democracy, which was unheard off at that time. Rousseau believed that people were born with a clean slate but unfortunately, power corrupts them later on in life.
In order to prevent corruption, he advocated for the citizens work together and form a government based on the common good and the general will of the people. He also proposed that everyone should vote so that they can play a part in the decision-making. Once a decision is made, everyone should accept it because it was the verdict of the majority. Hence, the minority should be gracious about it because they will always be winners and losers in life. Rousseau knew that things never turn out perfect.
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Thus, he included a loophole which stated that the people should have the right to revolt if the elected leaders flop and break the social contract that was previously agreed upon by the masses. Although the idea of revolt will not be feasible today, the main idea of Rousseau’s contract has become the basis of democratic governments around the world.