Issues strengthened in the 1990s after India’s

Issuesmotivated to choose this study Germany and India maintain a strategic allies. This includesregular meetings of both Heads of Government as well as annual meets of theForeign Ministers. It also supports their mutual interest to magnifying theeconomic and technological sector, as well as for Science and Culture.

In addition to the adopted agenda, a join statement wasagreed upon in 2006, highlighting the importance of the strategic alliesrelation and magnifying the relations between the two states. The first Consultation was held in New Delhi in May 2011.The two countries discussed several bilateral and global issues of interest.

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The Second Round of Consultation was held in Berlin and 10MoUs were signed on the sidelines of Second cunsultation. India is one of thefirst countries outside the European Union, with whom Germany has established sucha close  bilateral partnership.   Originand Nature  The cooperation between India and Germany includes politicalaction and growing economic exchange and cultural events etc. The relationship,based on common values of democracy and rule of law has significantly strengthenedin the 1990s after India’s economic liberalization and the end of cold War.

 The history of Indo-German politics started in the latenineteenth century, when the Imperial German Consulate started operating fromKolkata. India acknowledged and accepted the Federal Republic ofGermany after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The diplomaticrecognition of Germany by the Indian government made a positive impact and leadto a long lasting and continuous relationship for over 60 years up to thepresent day.

In 1951,India and Germany decided to establish economicrelationships to gear up their partnership. Thus, the Indian Prime MinisterJawaharlal Nehru made his first visit to Germany post war and its first ChancellorKonrad Adenauer in the same year. Also, Germany established its Consulate General in Mumbai in1951, and established  an Embassy in NewDelhi. IndiaGermany Strategic Relations:In May 2000 both  Germany and India adopted the Agenda for theIndo-German Partnership in the 21st Century. This included regular meetings ofboth Heads of Government and the Foreign Ministers. It helped to support theirmutual interest and also helped to expand the economic and technological sectoralong with Science and Culture sector.Also in the agenda, a joint statement was agreed upon in2006, highlighting the importance of the strategic allies relation andexpanding the relations between the two countries.

The first Consultation between the two states was held inNew Delhi in May 2011 where India and Germany discussed many global issues andFour important MoUs were signed. Chancellor Merkel was awarded the JawaharlalNehru Award for International Understanding for the year 2009.The Second Round of Consultations was held in Berlin on 2013and 10 MoUs in the field of vocational education and training, railways andrenewable energy were signed. Besides India is one of the first countriesoutside the European Union, with whom Germany has established such a closepartnership.  Importance of India-Germany relations : India has large workforcewaiting to be employed in labour market, but India lacks skilled manpower andopportunities after skilling, while Germany’s population is ageing and it needsworkforce to keep its economy going and also can provide skill training inIndia.

Germany and India have more than $20 billion of allied tradeand Germany is the seventh-largest investor in India. Germany can play a veryimportant role for make in India, railway modernization, renewable energy,etc.Germany’s engineering competencies and India’s strengths ininformation technology creates significant synergies for collaboration ininnovation.

Germany and India agreed to explore new collaborations under theDigital India initiative. Both sides aim at building business throughinnovation in the area of Industry. Germany and India will strengthen theirties in facilitating research and technologies in Indian heavy industries. As strategic partners both countries have worked closely inmatters related to trade, investment, energy, development cooperation UNSCexpansion etc.

              LiteratureReview 1.Into murky waters: Globalisation and deregulationin Germany’s shipping employee relations. Abstract:While Germany’s employment relations areusually seen as a high value added trust relationship built aroundthe publicized “new production concepts”.Using a detailed case study of the shippingindustry, the authors show how the implementation of the International ShipRegister during the late 1980s and 1990schallenged Germany’s traditional system ofemployment relations and regulatory framework. The authors conclude thatevidence from the shipping industry illustrates a strong departurefrom Germany’s long?established employment relations,where deregulation of shipping and labour law has led to the adoption of a “lowroad” approach. 2.Competitive advantage of German renewable energy firmsin India: An empirical study based on Porter’s diamond. Abstract: Thepurpose of this paper is to analyze the competitive advantage of Germanrenewable energy firms in India.

Based on Porter’s diamond model ofcompetitiveness, the authors examine the demand for renewable energiesin India and the ability of German firms to meet this demand. The paper provides a detailed analysisof the factors on which the competitive advantage of German renewable energytechnologies in India is based. This helps managers of renewableenergy firms to focus on those areas where they have particular strengths andto introduce measures to overcome potential weaknesses. 3. Indo-GermanRelations: Prospect of Closer Cooperation in Turbulent Times Event as part ofIndia Week Hamburg 2017 Abstract: India and Germany are expected to share greatresponsibility in global affairs.

Each country plays a vital role within itsworld region and has become increasingly visible in global politics. India’sdemocratic politics, growing economy, and longing ambition to become a worldplayer make it a potential key partner in global standing. Germany and Indiahave a “strategic allies,” regular governmental meets and a collective bid fora permanent seat in the United Nations. The panel discussion looked into therecent dynamics of Indo-German cooperation as well as its future prospects. Thepanelists addressed factors standing in the way of closer bilateral relationsand shed light on the global power shifts that may bring the two countriescloser together down the road.

      4. India andGermany: Global Partnership in 21st century.  Abstract: Cultural exchanges contribued substantiallyto mutual understanding between India and Germany for long period.Historically, cultural relations have been century’s old between the twonations, and it becomes a firm part of the two country’s foreign policy. Thedevelopment of cultural and scientific connections helped considerably todeepening of relations between India and Germany (Mishra 1986: 62).

Thecultural relations have also developed rapidly since the establishment ofdiplomatic relations. Both sides are cooperating closely in the field ofeducation, science, technology, drama, theatres, music and the medicine. Thecultural agreement signed on 15th January 1973, which had laid the basicframework for cooperation in the field. Indo-German cultural exchange is basedon a cultural agreement that come into force in September 1969. 5.

India and Germany: GlobalPartnership in 21st century Citation: Rothermund, Diether, “Sixty years of Indo-Germandiplomatic relations,” http://www.figs-india.org/Lectures/Other%20Lecture/2%20-%20otherlec.pdf Abstract: The political relation between India and Germanygoes back to the late nineteenth century. Nehru meeting with West GermanChancellor Konrad Adenauer on October 10, 1960, also India was the first nationto end the state of war with Germany in 1951 and grant the Federal Republic ofGermany diplomatic recognition. A strategic partner since 2000, there has beensignificant progress in all areas of bilateral cooperation through regularhigh-level talks and meetings at the head of the Government. Interestingly,Germany expressed her viewed to disapprove “Operation Shakti” (Pokhran-II)nuclear test, 6 yet, supported India’s waiver from the Nuclear Supply Group(NSG) to trade nuclear materials and energy.7 Today, both countries can bestrong partners to tackle the challenges of international concern includingorder and UN Security Council and other multilateral institutions reforms thatreflect the realities of 21st century and power equations, climate change,international terrorism, establishment of stable and sustainable globaleconomic.

Thus, how Germany’s view India and how India’s view Germany in 21stcentury? To be sure, the situation today is very different from Adenauer’s andNehru’s eras. Still the relationship between New Delhi and Berlin needs a senseof purpose and momentum, if not it will flounder in the near future.               Currentsituation Bilateral relations between India and Germany are founded oncommon democratic principles and are marked by a high degree of trust andmutual respect. India was amongthe first countries to establish diplomaticties with the Federal Republic of Germany after the Second WorldWar. Relations grew significantly following the end of the Cold War andthe reunification of Germany. Inthe last decade, both economic and political interaction between India andGermany has enhanced. Today, Germany is among India’s most important partnersboth bilaterally and in the global context.

 In the last decade, both economic and political interactionbetween India and Germany has enhanced. Today, Germany is among India’s mostimportant partners both bilaterally and in the global context. India andGermany have a ‘Strategic Partnership’ since 2000, which has been furtherstrengthened with the Intergovernmental Consultations (I.G.C) between the twoGovernments which allows for a comprehensive review of cooperation and aplatform to identify fresh areas of engagement. India is among a select groupof countries with whom Germany has such a dialogue mechanism.

The 3rd I.G.C washeld in New Delhi on October 5, 2015.  LessonsLearned Germany has always found India as powerful, prepared and a capablepartner signalling the start of a new chapter of Indo-Germanrelationship.

Partnership will help both countries and at the same time would beuseful in the global context.”India and Germany has both regional and global perspectivesin their relationship. Both countries discussed new and upcoming opportunitiesand challenges in Asia, Europe and the world. This discussion is important asthe ongoing flux in international politics has provided both Germany and Indiaa unique opportunity to become permanent allies.German partnership is very important for making Skill IndiaMission successful. It is believed that if 800 million youth get skill as perthe global standards, then the youth power of India can contribute to India’sdevelopment.

Germany has set global parameters in skill development which arevery apt for India.Germany is known across the world for its innovationcapability as well as its democratic credentials.Innovation has also become oneof the top priorities for India and both countries can mutually assist in thisregard.             FutureRecommendations Germany and India share the view that new initiatives in thearea of trade, bilateral investment, energy, energy security, the environment,culture, education, training, research, technology and defence can catalyse andactivate the great potential of their bilateral ties,” said a joint statementreleased at the end of the Indo-German intergovernmental consultations held inBerlin.Germany and India are determined to further expand theircooperation in higher education, research and technology — dynamic core areasof the Indo-German Partnership — and to open up new and innovative areas ofcooperation, the statement said.The statement titled ‘Shaping the future together’ notedthat close trade and investment relations are a core dimension of bilateralpartnership and of great importance for the development of both the Indian andthe German economy.

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