Iqbal’s starts his translation with the verse

              Iqbal’s work
contains different interpretations of Prophet Muhammad. At the end of he viewed
the Prophet as being faithful and loving friend. Iqbal said, “Love of the Prophet
runs like Blood in the veins of his community.” (Schimmel, 1985, p256) I agree
with Iqbal because without loving the prophet we are not Muslims. The
connection we have with Islam is because of the Muhammad’s personality and the
character he shows. In texts like these the more you read and get to know him
the more you love him.

              Iqbal
translates Goethe’s poem “Mahomets Gesang.” In the poem Goethe shows the
Islamic life is very beautiful. Iqbal starts his translation with the verse “Look
at the stream of water, how it runs, intoxicated, Like a galaxy in the middle
of the meadows! O wonderful! The ocean without shore- how it runs, intoxicated,
Unique, alien to everything else, its runs! (Schimmel, 1985 p.240) In these
lines the image of the ocean as a metaphor for the activity of the Prophet is
close to Islamic mystical view. There is also a quote from Ali Ibn Talib in
which he asks “Who is the great River? The messenger of the God and the
knowledge that has been granted to him. “(Schimmel, 1985 p.240) Nine years
later Iqbal recounts his own divine journey in the Javidnama they name him Zindarud
which means the living stream. The name aims to show his connection with the
Prophet, who he attempted to follow in his life, and whose ideas he wanted to
resume in society.

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              According
the Schimmel the different features of the veneration of the Prophet connect
with Muhammad Iqbal’s work. Iqbal is a Muslim philosopher who demonstrated the idea
of an Muslim independent state in sub-continent of India. On August 14, 1947
Pakistan split with India and became its own independent state.

              According
to Islamic customs Muhammad himself declined the claim that had made or would
have made any type of miracle to verify the truth the message he made. There
was one exception and that was the Quran and was given to him by his Ruler. Najmuddin
Daya Razi explains that the “the miracle of each prophet is confined to his own
age; but special property of the religion of Muhammad is one of his miracles, namely,
the Koran, has survived and will remain until the End of world.” (Schimmel, 1985,
p.66) I agree with Razi that the Quran makes references to Muhammad’s qualities
of character and actions, and strange events that happened in his life. Muhammad
will always be a part of the Quran and he has a special status among other
individuals in the Quran.

              In 619 Khadija
and his uncle Abu Talib passed away. Two years after Khadija and Abu Talib died
there was a mission from Yathrib to complete the pilgrimage. In 622 Muhammad
got to Yathrib and that marked the birth of the Islamic era which is determined
by the Hegira of the prophet. Yathrib then became known as Madinat an nabi which
is the city of the prophet.

              When
Muhammad turned the age of 25 he married Khadija and she was twice his age. It
was a happy marriage and two had four daughters together and one of her sons
had died in early childhood. Khadija was Muhammad biggest support when his life
started to change when he turned forty years old. Muhammad went to the cave of
Hira near Mecca and it was over there where he faced a Divine revelation, which
was a revelation in where he was commanded to recite the lines of the Quran. In
Muhammad’s first experience he wanted to hurl himself from Mount Hira. In the
cave inspiration came back to him and he started becoming aware that is God
that instructed him to call his countryman to absolute trust in him. According
to Schimmel, Muhammad would suffer when he was revealed to the revelations.

              For a
person to comprehend Muslim piety it is required to bear in mind of the lengthy
history of the veneration of Prophet Muhammad. Schimmel explains the features
of his life, marriage, and his miracles.

              Prophet
Muhammad plays an important role in the lives of Muslims and Western scholars
usually overlook Muhammad’s role and they also don’t understand it. Annemarie
Schimmel describes the place that Muhammad has in Islamic life, religious
mysticism, and poetry. By using poetry and art and by inspecting Islamic religion
practices, Schimmel shows use the good-natured side of the Muslim religion
culture. She sees the veneration of Prophet Muhammad having similarities with
other main religions.  Sanai, a Persian poet
explains the poetry in honoring the Prophet and shows how it’s never lost its
attraction throughout Islamic societies. “To speak, any word but, your name Is,
error, is error; To sing any artistic praise but for you Is shame, is shame! (Schimmel,
1985 p. 176) Another poet who speaks Urdu declares that “Friend, before all of
us is the journey into non- existence. But when one has word of the na’t, then
one has provisions for the road! (Schimmel, 1985 p.176) These lines show an emotion
that has been shared by many poets and writers who have committed to commend
the prophet in verse. But at the same moment all of them have been persuaded
that it is not possible to do justice in his distinction or to express his beauty
and compassion in proper words.

              I agree
with Schimmel about the hadith. I believe that the most important hadith that
is in the sunnah is the hadith of Gabriel. In this hadith Umar ibn Khattab
relates to an incident. There is man that is not known, and he comes to the
Prophet and he asks him different questions and he answers the questions with
knowledge. It later turns out that Umar knew from the prophet that the man Angel
Gabriel. The discussion was proposed to teach Muslim individuals about their religion.
           

              Prophet Muhammad’s
Sunna is made up of his actions, words and facts. According to Schimmel a hadith
is a report that holds a statement about a saying and action of the Prophet. It
is told by his companions who related it to somebody in the next age group. The
Sabaha which is one of Muhammad’s companions and is one of the most important
sources for prophetic customs. A hadith can fix a ritual issue, it can examine
the details of faith and doctrine and reveal the mistreatments that are going
to happen in the next life. Hadith sessions are great, and they bring
importance. When a Muslim reads the Quran, or listens and recites it he is
listening to God and it bring him closer to the prophet. So, if he seems him one
day he would also listen to its voice. For this purpose, the hadith teachings were
acknowledged as important responsibility for the teacher as it would prepare in
a careful way for the occasion.

There are a few passages in the Quran that show the excellent
role that Muhammad played. As God “taught Adam the names” (Schimmel, 1985 p.25)
He also taught Prophet Muhammad the Quran. Muhammad was brought “as a Mercy for
the Worlds” (Schimmel, 1985, p.25) and God and the angels sheer blessings above
him. “He is verily of noble nature” (Schimmel, 1985 p.25) In many locations and
individual finds the divine order “Obey God and his messenger.” These passages
that Schimmel uses having a meaning. Prophet Muhammad is a human just like us,
he would sometimes make mistakes, get mad, and he also had his fears. Muhammad was
the messenger because of the message that was given to him which was the Quran.
Prophet Muhammad without the Quran is just like us another human being. God
wants us to understand that to obey the messenger means to go with the message
that is the given to him which is the Quran.

              Annemarie
shimmel has a huge interest in culture, religion, and Islamic life. Her books
cover more of the foundation of Islam and not just the politics. As an author
her goal is to make readers awake and make them understand Islam and show that
Islam one of the most misinterpreted religions.

Very early in time there many illustrations
of Muhammad’s conflicts and assaults called the maghazi and of the expansion of
Islam in the Arabian Peninsula. This all constituted for rough material for his
sira, which is his biography. The sira was built by Ibn Ishaq in 768 A.D and
then Ibn Hisham edited it in 830 AD and it became the core for all the biographies
later.

Annemarie Schimmel is the author of
this book and she explains that Prophet Muhammad’s life is recognized in
different texts and research. The Quran mentions events in Muhammad’s life and
the Muslim population.  The statements and
details about his actions were conserved cautiously and collected. It was a big
collection of how the public saw him. Another reference in the text is the
verses of writings of Hassan ibn Thabit, who united with the Prophet in Medina.
Ibn Thabit praised Muhammad and discredited his enemies. He joined prophet Muhammad
to explain the key events in the lives of the Muslim society.  

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