Introduction”Traditional medicine (TM), a form of intangible cultural heritage (ICH), constitutes a part of cultural identity of the communities” (Rashid, 2017)Each and every society is a collective representation of its unique historical past. Because of historical uniqueness and geographical differences, diversities are appeared in human society. Every society uniquely developed their livelihood pattern.
They have their own economic, political and heath care system. All over the world, in every society, there are many healthcare systems. People rely most on these heath care system. Usually we called those health Care systems as traditional or complementary or alternative medicine in the contrast of Bio-medicine.The use of traditional medicine is the oldest and most popular form of healing practice which is followed by the people of different community and culture. It is the combination of knowledge, skills, practice, experience of people which is used in diagnosed and cured illness and diseases.
According to do WHO , traditional medicine and complementary and Alternative medicine are attracting more and more attention within the context of health sector . In developed country like Canada , USA, Australia and France where traditional is widely used , although biomedicine is available these countries. The percentage of population has used Trading medicine is 47% in Australia, 49% in France and 70% in Canada. A recent study of CAM use in the USA population where reported that in 2007, almost 4 out of 10 had used some of CAM .
The use of traditional medicine is even more tactile in developing countries. According to WHO 70 percent of population of India and more than 90% of Ethiopia depend on traditional medicine for primary health care. (WHO TM Strategy 2002-2005) The ancient Chinese started using medicinal plant about 6000 years ago. 21000 plant species are used fot medicinal purposes around the world and over 2500 plants are used by 4365 ethnic communities for heath care in India (Rashid 2017). Bangladesh is an important part of South Asia . Here medical pluralism is tactile in distinct characteristics of medical system.
Medical pluralism is widely practiced to meet the needs of health care. This medical pluralism includes Allopathic (Biomedicine), Ayurvedic, yoga, Unani, Homeopathy.According to recent report of bangle daily news paper The Prothom Alo, there are 267 registered institute of Allopathic, 268 of Unani, 204 of Ayurveda, 79 of homeopathic, and 32 of Herbal registered institute are working in producing medicine to meet the needs of health service. Beyond this registered institute there are many local healer and spiritual specialist whom are involved in rural health care system.
Name of institute Number of institute Allopathic 267 Unani 268 Ayurveda 204 homeopathic 79 Herbal 32 Source:( http://epaper.prothom-alo.com/view/dhaka/2017-08-03/20) I conducted my research in a medical pluralist setting.
Medical pluralism refers to the co-existence of different heath care system such as biomedicine, folk medical practice and alternative healthcare are co-existing. Pluralist ambience of health care system helps me, as a researcher, to find out what influences villagers in choosing one or more heal