In Researchers believe that the roles set

In a sociological
aspect, gender roles are a set of roles set by society regarding someone’s
actual or perceived gender. Throughout the entire world the extent to which
these roles are followed differs. The roles for men and roles for women are
nothing like each other.  Typically, men
were known for going to work every day and providing for their family
financially, and women were known for maintaining the house and taking care of
the children. In some countries, especially those in Northern Africa and
Southwest Asia, these roles were never supposed to change or be performed by
the other gender. The roles of women in Southwest Asia is largely limited in
comparison to the roles of women in the US. 
In this research paper, I plan on discussing the effects on gender roles
in Northern Africa and Southwest Asia alone, and how those gender roles are
similar and different throughout other regions in the world especially the

Northern Africa and Southwest Asia, women have more of a restricted and legal
limit on their roles in society. The World
Regional Geography Concepts says that in the Gulf states, women were
expected to stay out of the public view and remain in private spaces except in
the case of important business.1 However, men could go into
public, and have the freedom and right to do so.  Since women were expected to stay in private
spaces, it was up to the men and boys to go out in public to help with whatever
the family needs, for example, running to the grocery store.  There are many exceptions to those strict guidelines,
but it only lasted for a given amount of time. Researchers believe that the roles
set for women in Northern Africa and Southwest Asia primarily comes from a
conservative translation of the Islamic Law, which wanted women to remain in private
spaces. Both North Africa and Southwest Asia have Islam as the most practiced
religion, so the strict gender roles were seen as common in those regions.
Sanja Kelly believes that women in Northern Africa and Southwest were
significantly underrepresented most visibly in personal-status laws, those of
which that regulate marriage, divorce, child custody, inheritance, and other
aspects of family life. 2 If anything unfortunate was
to happen to the family, the women were to blame for even if the situation had
nothing to do with them, and it was accepted in these societies.

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Around other parts of the world, gender
roles did not have such strict guidelines especially in Northern Africa and
Southwest Asia. Based on the map below, the US, Canada, and Western Europe had
a gender inequality index of 0.3 and below which were the lowest in the world,
and in places like, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and India, the gender inequality
index was at 0.5 and above, which was ranked the highest in the world.3








map was created by the United Nations to represent gender inequality and how
each country differs from around the world. Based on this map, gender
inequality was most prevalent in Northern Africa and Southwest Asia. The US, however,
had a smaller gender inequality index, because in the 1990s, gender inequality in the US has been something society worked hard on declining,
because of all the significant advancements they wanted towards equality, but
today gender equality is still not perfect. Microsoft Research says that by
2018, there will be 1.4 million open technology jobs in the U.S. and, at the
current rate of students graduating with degrees in computer science, only 61
percent of those openings will be filled, and women will fill just 29 percent.4
Gender inequality is clearly prevalent around the world, but the question on
how this can all be solved is asked almost every day.

are many ways to solve gender inequality in the world, but it all starts with
the people. One way to solve gender inequality is to have a conversation with
women and girls regarding this issue. The reason as to why we have not solved
gender equality in this world is that the voices of women and girls are rarely
included when making big decisions. It is important to include these women in
girls in the decision-making process, because these decisions could have just
as much of an effect on them then it does to the men making these decisions.
Another way to solve gender inequality would be making education accessible to
any gender, especially in regions like Northern Africa and Southwest Asia. The
Global Partnership for Education says that by making education less gender
sensitive it will allow girls to come out of schools as citizens who can shape
a more equal society. 5
These ideas are just the beginning to making the world a more equal place for
all genders.

strict gender role guidelines can have a negative impact on one’s life. Imagine
being told as a kid that you were supposed to grow up to act a certain way just
based on one’s gender. This takes away from someone’s sense of purpose and
opportunity in life, and it also doesn’t allow for an equal society. Although
there are major improvements that need to be done in Northern Africa and
Southwest Asia, there is still a chance for them to have a more equal society.

1 Pulsipher,
Lydia M., et al. World Regional Geography Concepts. third ed., W.H. Freeman and
Company, A    Macmillan Education
Company, 2015.

2 Kelly,
STATES.” Freedom House, 2014, pp. 1–8.

3 Human
Development Reports.” Gender Inequality Index (GII) | Human Development
Reports, The United Nations, June 2010,

4 Makers.
“Women’s Equality Day: Gender Inequalities That Still Exist Today in the U.S.”
Makers, MAKERS, 15 May 2017,

5 Leach,
Anna. “12 Steps to Achieve Gender Equality in Our Lifetimes.” The Guardian,
Guardian News and Media, 14 Mar. 2016.


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