I will be comparing the two poems “Charge of the light brigade” and “Bayonet charge” which both present conflicts. Conflict often has harmful effects, including causing death and destruction, so it is usually seen negatively. However, conflict can also bring out positive things in people, and the people involved in it may be respected. “The Charge of The Light Brigade” retells the story of the charge made by the Light Brigade in the Battle of Balaclava. However “Bayonet Charge” imagines one soldier’s experience in battle during WW1. Tennyson reflects on conflict within the poem when discussing the subject of war, where someone had “Blunder’d” causing death upon many unknowing soldiers. The poem describes a disastrous battle between the British cavalry and Russian force.
Instead of using guns, the commanding officer mistakenly commanded “Forward, the Light Brigade! Charge for the guns” this command sent the cavalry, only armed with swords into battle with the Russians, armed with guns, making themselves practically defenceless against their enemies. And as the soldiers are very obedient, they do not question their commanding officers decision. “Bayonet charge” describes the pain and fears single solider experiences during battle.
- Thesis Statement
- Structure and Outline
- Voice and Grammar
The solider is a helpless victim, “running”, “stumbling” and “sweating”. Fighting has also destroyed the patriotic feeling that the solider had to begin with which can be seen when Hughes writes “king, honour, human dignity, etcetera/ Dropped like luxuries”. One way conflict is presented in “Bayonet Charge” is through the use of language. The language used, portrays the soldier and his movements. Ted Hughes uses sibilance to portray the soldier’s actions as well as feelings. For example, “raw-seamed hot khaki, his sweat heavy/ Stumbling…” The use of sibilance here mimics the squelching mud. The repetitive sounds recreates an image of the soldier running through mud one foot after another.
The words ‘raw-seamed’ suggests that the uniform that the soldier is wearing is extremely uncomfortable and very low quality as the suppliers had to supply uniforms to the millions.The word ‘stumbling’ suggests that the soldier is disoriented and could also suggest that his movements are clumsy. The language used in the poem is contrasting to what you would expect of a poem about conflict, words such as “dazzled” are used, which do not reflect the general thought of war. Alternatively words like “sweating” and “running” to create a sense of urgency within the poem, the contrasting words together could be showing the mixed emotions felt by the soldier. Another way language is used to present conflict is through the use of similes. For example, “Sweating like molten iron from the centre of his chest”. The phrase ‘molten iron’ suggests a burning, portraying terror from the very depths of his body.
On the other hand, “The Charge of the Light Brigade” uses metaphors such as “Valley of Death” to present conflict. This phrase foreshadows the charge as it makes it sound certain that the soldiers are going to die. It also suggests early on that the commander has made a mistake as he has sent them into the ‘valley of death’.This makes the soldiers more courageous as they are marching into their own deaths, which compares to the anonymous soldier in “Bayonet Charge” .
The form of “Bayonet Charge” is a commonly seen structure the stanzas are eight to seven lines long: this suggests the soldier’s strong sense of purpose as well as the thick mud he has to run through. The length of the lines, however changes: there are long lines ending in his destination showing the long distance he has to run; there are also short lines presenting images of violence and fear “His terror’s touchy dynamite” Tennyson uses the form of the poem to illustrate both the battlefield he describes (the long, narrow valley) and the memorials he wants built to honour those who took part (six stanzas like memorial stones to the 600).The stanzas get longer and the rhymes more frequent after the calm opening stanza. This poem is nightmarish in the illusion it creates of horror in describing a bayonet charge. It is about a soldier’s experience of a violent battle.
It describes his thoughts and actions as he desperately tries to avoid being shot. The soldier’s overriding emotion and motivation is fear, which has replaced the more patriotic ideals that he held before the violence began. The poem ends with ‘His terror’s touchy dynamite.’ Dynamite is clearly linked to the violence of war; being touchy implies the volatility of his emotions under these circumstances, as though he has emotionally become the violence of war. In the face of the ‘yelling alarm’ of battle, all sense of ‘honour’ and ‘dignity’ are blown away by ‘His terror’s touchy dynamite’ and the poem ends leaving the reader with a chaotic collage of images of nightmarish violence and horror.Both ‘The charge of the light brigade’ and ‘Bayonet charge’ deal with conflict, but their message is very different, Tennyson wants us to enthusiastically “Honour the light brigade” and remember how brave they were.
We also sympathise with the soldier in ‘Bayonet charge’ who is “running”, “stumbling and “swearing” to survive.