Human trafficking involves the process of trading in humans for forced labor, sexual slavery of the commercial exploitation for the traffickers or for other people. It is a serious offense and a criminal activity as every year (Hepburn & Simon, 2013). Many people, mostly women and children find themselves in the hands of traffickers in their own countries or in foreign countries. The Trafficking Protocol adopted by the United Nations in 2000 defines it as the recruitment, harboring and moving people into a situation of exploitation by use of violence, deception or coercion to work against their consent.
It is a profitable venture to the people involved; as at 2005, human trafficking reaped a worldwide profit of well over $40 billion, affecting more than 12 million people in the process (Marinova & James, 2012).Human trafficking occurs in different forms, forced labor, trafficking for sexual purposes and trafficking for organ use. As Hepburn and Simon point out in encyclopedic study of global trafficking, the worst form is forced labor, which is believed to be three times bigger than sexual trafficking. It accounts for about two-thirds of all the cases of human trafficking. Thousands of people find their way into the United States each year from all over the world while some find their way into Europe and the Middle East to be used as household labor, agricultural farm labor, workforce in the food and care services and the textile industry (Hepburn & Simon, 2013).
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Majority of these people are from the less developed nations, cannot find some concrete source of income, and are easily coerced into these countries as slave, while some are kidnapped and transported against their will.The other form of rampant human trafficking is the illicit sex trafficking where women are kidnapped and coerced into foreign countries to provide sexual pleasure. Sellers who come under the disguise of being adoption agencies and Non-governmental organizations that take children to better places and improve their lives but end up being sold in the sex trade market prey on the poor people.
For example, in the years 2008 and 2009, 128 women from Iraq were sold to Saudi Arabia (Marinova & James, 2012). The main cause of sex trafficking is also poverty which means that women and children from poor countries are the most affected. They do not have access to basic amenities and resources to make life more comfortable and they end up looking for every means possible. Some become more gullible to the predators who then sell them to sex trafficking syndicates. In addition, some countries have outlawed prostitution, and this is believed to increase sex trafficking (Marinova & James, 2012).
The other form of trafficking comes in the form or organ trade or organ trafficking. This trade has manifested itself in cases identified in China, India, Brazil, South Africa and many more countries all over the world. Diseases that affect organs like kidneys cause people to scramble for them and this means that people resort to the illegal organ trade (Scheper-Hughes, 2004). According to the World Health Organization, about 11,000 human organs were obtained in the black market in the year 2010. Again, the trail moves from the poor in the slums all over the world to the rich who are in dire need of the organs.
It is not that the poor are willing, but this is carries out through kidnap and killing to obtain the organs (Scheper-Hughes, 2004).In conclusion, Human trafficking is one of the most serious and unforgivable crimes in the world. It is consist of the modern-day form of slavery that involves the illegal trade of humans for the purpose of some form of exploitation.