How of food. Our body will then convert

How would you feel if your body slowly
turns on you, devouring the cells that make up your very being? What would you
do if you were so weak that you couldn’t even hold a loved one in your arms?
How would you feel if you couldn’t think straight because the pain of hunger
was so intense? What would you do..? 

Starvation results in a series of
devastating events that can ultimately lead to death. When a person eats, the
body extracts needed nutrients for cellular maintenance and repair. This
requires energy which is provided for by the metabolism of the food. If we
consume more than what is required at that time, our body stores the excess as
adipose tissue or fat. This fat serves as a reserve of potential energy in
times of a shortage of food. Our body will then convert the fat into a usable
form of energy that can be utilized when our diet does not provide enough
energy to sustain us. If our bodies are deprived of food for too long, the
stores of fat will be depleted, and the body will begin to utilize the proteins
in our muscles and tissues as an alternative energy source. Our muscle mass
begins to waste away and organs begin to be affected. This is the body’s
attempt to protect and provide energy for our most vital organs like the brain
and heart in an attempt to remain alive.

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Ultimately, starving to death is painful, and
traumatizing. Every movement is painful because of the wasting away of our
internal organs. Infection by opportunistic diseases is common due to the
body’s weakened state. Blood circulation becomes slower and in extreme cases
the tongue and appendages (such as hands and feet) dies, and literally falls
off. (http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091225172659AAlConT) This
is what the people of Ethiopia suffer on a daily basis.

Hunger in Ethiopia is a huge issue that has plagued the country for centuries.

The location and geography of the country has caused the people to experience
famine after famine, leaving many to die from starvation. A famine is in
definition, “A great shortage or an extreme scarcity of food over an extended
period of time” (Webster). There are several different types of famine that
occur in different types of the world. The type that Ethiopia generally goes
through is called a Ravallion. During a Ravallion famine, there are unusually
large amounts of causalities with extreme shortages of food in certain parts of
the population. There are many things that cause famine, whether it’s draught,
plague, or civil disrupt. Right now, Ethiopia is experiencing a draught that has
killed almost all of their crops. Because of the famines that Ethiopia
experiences most every year, there is usually an increase in the amount of
people malnourished. This year, 11to 14 million people are expected to go
hungry leaving many to starve to death. Ethiopia has experienced many draughts
like these, the worst however, being in 1983. This draught lasted two years and
the draught alone killed over 400,000 people in one year, this doesn’t include
the deaths that were due to starvation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983%E2%80%931985_famine_in_Ethiopia).

Another factor that causes starvation in Ethiopia is its economy. Ethiopia is
in and has always been in a very poor economic state. Crops account for 41% of
the country’s GDP however; the draughts kill most of the crops, leaving the
country with few exports, resulting in one of the poorest economies in the
world. Recently, Ethiopia became one of the fastest growing non-oil dependent
countries, but only for two years (2007 – 2008). While the country did receive
a spike in their GDP, it did not last long, and the country is back down to a
low GDP of 94.756 billion dollars compared to the United States GDP of 15.04
trillion dollars. This poor economy is a huge contributor as to why million and
millions of people living in Ethiopia starve to death every year. With a poor
economy, come poor households, meaning that families are not able to supply
themselves with proper nourishment leaving families to perish
(https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/et.html). 
Ethiopia is not only one of the poorest countries in the world but also has one
of the highest mortality rates. A terrible fact is that per 1000 children under
the age of five, 169 or 17%, of these children will perish due to malnourishment.

These children never had the chance to live a life, 

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