HEALTH AND SAFETY essay

Also important is to get a vaccine for those infections and viruses that eve one, when available. Ways you can reduce or slow the spread of infections include Get the appropriate vaccine. Wash your hands frequently. Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread it to other people). Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing and coughing (or cough into your elbow). See single-use tissues for wiping your nose. Wash your hands after coughing, sneezing or using tissues. If working with children, have them play with hard surface toys that can be easily cleaned.

Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth (viruses can transfer from your hands and into the body). Do not share cups, glasses, dishes or cutlery. Additional measures may be required during a pandemic to minimize the virus from transmitting by hard surfaces (sinks, door and cupboard handles, railings, objects, counters, etc). While a minor “mode of transmission” (way of spreading), influenza viruses can live on hard surfaces for up to 2 days. In most workplaces and homes, cleaning floors, walls, doorknobs, etc with soap and water is very adequate.

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In some workplaces, such as a hospital or health care facility, further cleaning can be done with the following: 2. Describe different types of accidents and sudden illness that may occur in own work eating There are many different types of accidents and sudden illnesses that occur common sudden illnesses are varies in degree but any can happen in my workplace as this is a stressful environment that is small and personal using a close team that works some time a lot of hours.

Sickness Diarrhea Dental pain Asthma Fainting Diabetic emergencies Seizures Stroke Heart attack Shock Slip trip and fall accident can occur in various places like but can be harder at work, shopping areas, public and private places due to uneven flooring, potholes, poor lighting, uneven stairs, polished and wet surfaces, spillage and quashed products on the floor, obstructions and unprotected work. Within the confines of the project that I work in the hazards that may cause accidents may be other people or having to remove myself from a situation quickly. . Explain procedures to be followed if an accident or sudden illness should occur RIDER – Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 201 3 is the appropriate act that governs the way we report and deal with the reporting of illness and accidents. Accident Reporting and sudden illness would be dealt with by immediate first aid where appropriate, then on call or project manager should be made aware and if appropriate safe guarding and senior on call can be called depending on the circumstances. 4.

Describe types of hazardous substances that may be found in the work setting Control Of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COACH) states that Hazardous substances include: Substances used directly in work activities (e. G. Adhesives, paints, cleaning agents such as bleach or antibacterial); Substances generated during work activities Natural Ill occurring substances Biological agents such as bacteria and other micro – organisms. 5. Describe practices that prevent fires from starting and spreading Practices that prevent fires Daily safety checks I. E. Heck fire doors close on the alarm ringing Weekly fire alarm testing Weekly means of escape check Weekly signs and notices checks Monthly visual fire equipment checks Monthly emergency lighting testing Monthly visual gas/electric appliance checks Fire drill records Fire instructions for service users Fire training PAT testing Practices that prevent fire spreading Making sure all fire doors are shut to try and keep fire contained Where staff are trained and feel confident can use the appropriate fire extinguisher Close al windows and doors to remove the air therefore the oxygen to the fire For small kitchen fires the use Of a fire blanket Above all preventing fire spreading is a very risky thing to do and should usually be done by the fire service to ensure everyone’s safety. 6. Explain the emergency procedures to be followed in the event of a fire in the work setting There are two main methods that can be used as evacuation in the event of a fire.

Total evacuation This is the preferable form of evacuation where when the alarm sound all staff and service users can immediately evacuate the building to a safe assembly point that has been pre decided which In our case is the far end of the carpal. Progressive Horizontal Evacuation This is used when a service user is not able to evacuate themselves and rely on staff assistance to get them into a safe preferably behind a closed fire door where there is safety for half an hour before fire would breach the door giving emergency service more than enough time to evacuate any trapped staff and service users. 7. Describe common signs and indicators of stress. These are common signs and symptoms of stress some people have one or more of these Emotional symptoms

Negative or depressive feeling Disappointment with yourself Increased emotional reactions – more tearful or sensitive or aggressive Loneliness, withdrawn Loss of motivation commitment and confidence Mood swings (not behavioral) Anxiety Despair rattail itty Mental Confusion, indecision Cannot concentrate Poor memory Impaired perception Circular thinking Reduced problem solving Changes from your normal behavior Changes in eating habits Increased smoking, drinking or drug taking ‘to cope’ Mood swings effecting your behavior Changes in sleep patterns Twitchy, nervous behavior Changes in attendance such as arriving later or taking more time off. Physical Tenseness Panic attacks Tiredness Shoulder and back ache High blood pressure 8.

Describe signs that indicate own stress For myself have a lot of stresses I have a very hectic lifestyle including a long and hard work pattern so for me signs that indicate my stress would be that I have erratic sleep patterns and that causes like a domino effect such as changes in eating habits and mood swings I find it hard to not think in a negative manner loosing motivation in little things such as reading and person being. In the past I have been known to suffer panic attacks. 9. Analyses factors that tend to trigger own stress have many factors that tend to trigger my stress Workload Long working hours Conflicts in work with colleagues or management Family issues Personal issues Health worries 10.

Compare strategies for managing stress Stress management strategy #1 : Avoid unnecessary stress Not all stress can be avoided, and it’s not healthy to avoid a situation that needs to be addressed. You may be surprised, however, by the number of stresses in your life that you can eliminate. Learn how to say “no” – Know our limits and stick to them. Whether in your personal or professional life, taking on more than you can handle is a surefire recipe for stress. Avoid people who stress you out – If someone consistently causes stress in your life and you can’t turn the relationship around, limit the amount of time you spend with that person or end the relationship entirely. Take control of your environment – If the evening news makes you anxious, turn the TV off. If traffic’s got you tense, take a longer but less-traveled route. If going to the market is an unpleasant chore, do your grocery shopping online. Avoid hot- button topics – layoff get upset over religion or politics, cross them Off your conversation list. If you repeatedly argue about the same subject with the same people, stop bringing it up or excuse yourself when it’s the topic of discussion. Stress management strategy #2: Alter the situation f you can’t avoid a stressful situation, try to alter it. Figure out what you can do to change things so the problem doesn’t present itself in the future.

Often, this involves changing the way you communicate and operate in your daily life. Express your feelings instead of bottling them up. If something or omen is bothering you, communicate your concerns in an open and respectful way. If you don’t voice your feelings, resentment will build and the situation will likely remain the same. Be willing to compromise. When you ask someone to change their behavior, be willing to do the same. If you both are willing to bend at least a little, you’ll have a good chance Of finding a happy middle ground. Be more assertive. Don’t take a backseat in your own life. Deal with problems head on, doing your best to anticipate and prevent them.

If you’ve got an exam to study for and your chatty roommate just got mom, say up front that you only have five minutes to talk. Manage your time better. Poor time management can cause a lot of stress. When you’re stretched too thin and running behind, it’s hard to stay calm and focused. But if you plan ahead and make sure you don’t overextend yourself, you can alter the amount of stress you’re under. Stress management strategy #3: Adapt to the stresses If you can’t change the stresses, change yourself. You can adapt to stressful situations and regain your sense Of control by changing your expectations and attitude. Airframe problems. Try to view stressful situations from a more costive perspective.

Rather than fuming about a traffic jam, look at it as an opportunity to pause and regroup, listen to your favorite radio station, or enjoy some alone time. Look at the big picture. Take perspective of the stressful situation. Ask yourself how important it will be in the long run. Will it matter in a month? A year? Is it really worth getting upset over? If the answer is no, focus your time and energy elsewhere. Adjust your standards. Perfectionism is a major source of avoidable stress. Stop setting yourself up for failure by demanding perfection. Set reasonable standards for yourself ND others, and learn to be okay with “good enough. ” Focus on the positive.

When stress is getting you down, take a moment to reflect on all the things you appreciate in your life, including your own positive qualities and gifts. This simple strategy can help you keep things in perspective. Stress management strategy #4: Accept the things you can’t change Some sources of stress are unavoidable. You can’t prevent or change stresses such as the death of a loved one, a serious illness, or a national recession. In such cases, the best way to cope with stress is to accept things as they are. Acceptance may be difficult, but in the long run, it’s easier than railing against a situation you can’t change. Don’t try’ to control the uncontrollable. Many things in life are beyond our control? particularly the behavior of other people.

Rather than stressing out over them, focus on the things you can control such as the way you choose to react to problems. Look for the upside. As the saying goes, “What doesn’t kill us makes us stronger. ” When facing major challenges, try to look at them as opportunities for personal growth. If your own poor choices contributed to a stressful situation, reflect n them and learn from your mistakes. Share your feelings. Talk to a trusted friend face to face or make an appointment with a therapist. The simple act of expressing what you’re going through can be very cathartic, even if there’s nothing you can do to alter the stressful situation. Opening up is not a sign of weakness and it won’t make you a burden to others.

In fact, most friends will be flattered that you trust them enough to confide in them, and it will only strengthen your bond. Learn to forgive. Accept the fact that we live in an imperfect world and that people make mistakes. Let go of anger and resentments. Free yourself from negative energy by forgiving and moving on. Stress management strategy #5: Make time for fun and relaxation Beyond a take-charge approach and a positive attitude, you can reduce stress in your life by nurturing yourself. If you regularly make time for fun and relaxation, you’ll be in a better place to handle life’s stresses. Don’t get so caught up in the hustle and bustle of life that you forget to take care of your own needs.

Nurturing yourself is a necessity, not a luxury. Set aside relaxation time. Include rest and relaxation in your daily schedule. Don’t allow other obligations to encroach. This is your time to take a break from all responsibilities and recharge your batteries. Connect with others. Spend time with positive people who enhance your life. A strong support system will buffer you from the negative effects of stress. Do something you enjoy every day. Make time for leisure activities that bring you joy, whether it be stargazing playing the piano, or working on your bike. Keep your sense of humor. This includes the ability to laugh tortuously.

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