When the Deep water Horizon had blown up there were pollutants that were released into the water and into the air. In the air it consisted of smoke and hydrocarbon fumes. The water was polluted with oil out of the rig and there were now dead sea animals that were spread threw out the Gulf of Mexico after the rig had spilled. The smoke and the hydrocarbon fumes were pollutants and that means that they are the kind of pollutants that are put into the air directly from where it was coming from (Hager & Berg, 2009).It does not matter what type of pollutant, whether it is primary or secondary, it still has major effects when it comes to the environment.
There were many effects from the oil spill in the Gulf, there were so many different animals that had died and even coral. The death from all the animals would be considered to have a short term and a long term effect on the environment. With the short term the water pollutants would cause the species the population to start to decrease and even become threatened.With the long term the water pollutants would even cause the species to become extinct because of the bottleneck that occurs when they try to repopulate the species. “An abrupt and severe reduction in the number of individuals during the history of a species, resulting in the loss of diversity from the gene pool” is what Bottleneck is (Bottleneck, 2012). For the generations that followed the bottleneck they are more genetically animal then they had expected.Bottlenecks mainly occur in consequence of catastrophic events (Bottleneck, 2012). The short term effects of the air pollutants would include upset stomach, irritation to the eyes, headache, and nose and throat in people that are very sensitive to different smells (Gulf Oil Spill 2010: Food/Air Quality/Water Information for Coastal Residents, n.