Furthermore, For example, the colonisation trigger conflicts and

Furthermore, traumatic events not only distress
people who experienced but also people has relationship with or those nearby. In
fact, traumatic events can may be one off or contain a chain of distressing
experiences through the years. In terms of Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander communities, lots of bureaucracy caused transgenerational trauma during
colonisation. For example, the colonisation trigger conflicts and massacres.
Also the invaders dispossessed the conventional lands and resources from Ingenuous
people while after the massacres, due to a high mortality rate and lack of
resources, new diseases were added and starvation occurred over the land. Likewise,
Indigenous forms of governance and network were destructed as a result of
colonisation. In the meantime, since Aboriginal and Torres Strait people have
different skin color, language and spirituality, Indigenous people eventually experience
discrimination and racism, it led to lack of societal resources such as medical
care, education, job opportunity and housing. Hence, stress and anxiety affect
their mental well-being.


The stolen generation, referred as Aboriginal
children who pressured to bring apart from their family under the policy of
Assimilation of Federal and State and Territory governments during colonization,
in order to break and end Aboriginal culture. Therefore, children were harmed
physically, emotionally and sexually abused because stolen girls and boys became
orphan and domestic servants, while malnourished and starving were happening
due to unpaid or cheap wages. Also, stolen children taught to cast-off their Indigenous
heritage, it caused them to feel ashamed of their culture and forced to adopt with
white families which living conditions were extremely controlled, such as low
level of education as they expected to work as domestic servants. Yet some of the stolen families or children are still looking
for their parents, while other never succeeded as parents themselves and turned
to substance abuse. Thus, stolen
children have a high occurrence of depression, anxiety and suicide between the Stolen

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In addition, trauma for indigenous children might happen
through bearing witness of the previous traumatic encounters for their family and
community as an aftereffect for colonisation, constrained removals and other
administration strategies. Also, interact with the victim of colonisation or
others has relationship nearby, and talking about historical trauma from their family
encountered through massacre, dispossession, slavery, rape and violence. Besides,
a large number of children and adolescent in indigenous communities encounter
trauma straightforwardly because of the exposure to family violence, child
abuse and neglect and substance misuse, which may be original trauma
experienced by parent or care giver.


As shown above, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
people colonisation and subsequent policies have created unresolved trauma
which has been surpassed down from era to era. Despite the fact that this
contributes to the social and health disadvantages experienced through Indigenous
people, the effect of unresolved trauma is frequently omitted in policy and


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