Forests information about tropical deforestation and analyze the

Forests are the umbrella of our earth. Theywork as a carbon sink. In 2010, the Food and Agricultural Organization of theUnited Nations reported that each year between 2000 and 2010, 13 millionhectares of forests were converted to other uses.1Because of deforestation welosses our forest and the whole planet is ultimately facing tremendousenvironmental crisis. It’s both quantitative and qualitative loss.

States arenow motivated by the national development goals which provokes them to’economize’ nature. But the fact is that by destroying nature they can onlyfulfill their short term goals. But in contrast forest resource can ensure longterm sustainable economic benefits. Deforestation is responsible for risingearth’s temperature. It is estimated that more than 1.5 billion tons ofcarbon-di-oxide are released to the atmosphere due to deforestation.

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2The rates of Deforestationin developing states is much higher than developed one’s. There have so manyreasons of deforestation in developing countries. The reasons can be direct orindirect but relates with each other. Deforestation plays crucial role inclimate change. Forests balance the amount of carbon-di-oxide in the atmosphereand absorb greenhouse gases. It is estimated that forest loss is responsiblefor 12 to 17% of annual global greenhouse gas emissions.

3By returning water vapor inatmosphere they play vital role in water cycle and prevent soil erosion. The main purpose of this term paper is to answer thequestion what are the causes of tropical deforestation and how they contributeto climate change? This paper is literature review based and secondary data isused as a main source of information. The paper is organized as follows; the firstsection provides some initial information about tropical deforestation andanalyze the causes of deforestation with examples. The effects of deforestationon climate change also discussed here. In second section Indonesian Rain forestis represented as a case. As we already know that Indonesia is a South Asiandeveloping country and the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Due torapid deforestation its current annual forest losses 6,850 km according to FAO,51 and almost twice as high accordingto a study by the University of Maryland(UMD).4Oilpalm plantation and illegal logging is the main cause of Indonesian Rain Forestdestruction.

Rapid urbanization, industrialization and population growth alsoplays crucial role with those factor. Then, the summary and conclusion is givenin the last section.1GlobalForest Resources Assessment 2010, FAO Forestry Paper 163, Rome, Italy. Food andAgriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome 2010.2EarthEclipse,https://www. on November 8,2017) 3Jessie Szalay . “Deforestation: Facts, Causes, “& Effects.” Livescience. 6 March.

2013. (accessed on November10,2017)  4Black, R 2011


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