England’s long history of abusive absolute this has led to the system of constitutionalism and parliament in the 17th century. In 1618 the 30 years war broke out due to King James I and his anger is towards the English Parliament. When King James I passed away, Charles I was the successor as king of England. Charles I, like his father claimed divine right theory of absolute authority for himself asking and sought to rule without Parliament. In 1628 Parliament signed a petition of right which declared that the king cannot impose taxes without Parliament’s consent.
Only parliament had the right to levy taxes, gifts, loans, or contributions. Through the petition of right martial law could not be declared in peacetime. Charles I originally Accepted the petition but failed to carry out the agreement since it limited his power as king. Parliament had the right to control the king’s power to prevent dictatorship and kept the peace and order in Europe.
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In 1689 parliament offered the throne to William and Mary, who accepted the Bill of Rights. The bill of rights soon illuminated absolutism in England forever, making it impossible for the king to overthrow the parliament. The Bill of Rights gave the people right to petition, to bear arms, and the right to trial by jury. The Bill of Rights established a government where no one was above the law including the king. This led to the rejection of the theory of divine right and England, and the power to roll no longer came from God became from Parliament.