E/13/073 Dissanayake T.D.P.TAssignment 2Economic Impact of OSSOpen Source Software (OSS) is a software that the source code is available to anyonefor inspection and modification. People prefer using OSS because of its controllability,educational nature and security.
The users can examine the code and make sure the code is notdoing something else related to the thing they want. The users can change the parts that theydon’t like. The students can study at the source code and gain knowledge.
Also, students canshare their work with others and invite them to contribute. If someone made a mistake then thecommunity can help them as well. Since OSS can be modified and accessible people preferOSS over traditional software.OSS impact economy in various ways. Some of them are positive for example, costsaving, flexibility, obtaining negotiation power against big software companies, fighting piracy,building its own software industries, and even increase the national security.
The negativeimpacts would be maintaining the software quality and updating the service when therequirement changes.Companies like Microsoft have dominated the software market on countries like China.But a small portion of the software was actually legally purchased.
Microsoft is a well-knowncompany that forcing the users to update the software to avoid losing support. Still, there aresmall costs to associated with OSS as well. But Linux has been expected to cost up to 70% lessthan Windows. Not only China most of the developing countries prefer using OSS, such asLinux. The biggest advantage of OSS is saving money. Companies in South Koria also haveadapted to OSS systems slowly compared to other countries like China.
A survey conducted in2003 shows that only 3% of the surveyed companies use Linux. The major reasons for that wereunfamiliarity, difficult to use and application limitations. But after few years they have switched toLinux since the OSS had tremendous improvements over the years. India has adopted to usingOSS software over commercial software.
India has one of world’s best IT industries. Theflexibility of OSS gives India the freedom to participate in the ricing software developmentmarket.Obtaining negotiation power is also one of the advantages of using OSS. The availabilityof OSS gibes government and businesses a strong negotiation power.
Also by using an OSS willreduce their dependability on a single vendor.Considering the national security Microsoft had signed a contract with the Chinesegovernment to allow controlled access to source code. Like other countries that try to fully depend on OSS China believes that adaptation of OSS such as Linux may reduce thedependency on Microsoft while keeping full control over their systems.
Unlike most of OSS,software Linux has been developed in GNU licence. When switching between a commercialsoftware and OSS, the companies can check the OSS gives desired functionality. According toChina Ministry of Information Industry, almost 70% of the software that purchased in 2004 wereOSS products. For example, Chinese railway ministry has deployed TurboLinux operatingsystems in their railway bureaus.
From a financial point of view, the main advantage of OSS is its cost-effectiveness andflexibility. According to those cases OSS have been economically benefiting for most of thecountries.Reference:https://opensource.com/resources/what-open-sourceThe Social and Economical Impact of OSS in Developing Countries