DEPARTMENT used in drilling oil and gas

   DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERINGCOVENANT UNIVERSITY,CANNANLAND OTA,OGUNSTATE,NIGERIA.PET327PETROLEUM ENGINEERING LABORATORYSAND CONTENT EXPERIMENT GROUP FOJO FAITH OGHENEMUZAKPEME15CN03279DATEPERFORMED : 19-01-2018DATESUBMITTED :21-01-2018   ABSTARCTThe knowledge ofsand content in petroleum engineering is very important. Sand is one of thefactors that must be checked in the drilling fluid.

Sand content in the drillingfluid must be evaluated in other to avoid destroying the drilling fluid andformation. Sand content is determined by sieve analysis because of reliabilityof test and simplicity of equipment. The sand content test for set is used inthe test for sand content determination.

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                   TABLEOF CONTENTABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………………2INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………4EXPERIMENTALAPPARTUS…………………………………………………………..5SAMPLE USED FOR THEEXPERIMENT……………………………………………6PROCEDURES………………………………………………………………………………..7RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS…………………………..

…………………………….8PRECAUTIONS……………………………………………………………………………..9CONCLUSIONS………………………………………………………………………………10REFERENCE………………………………………………………………………………….

.11                INTRODUCTION Sand is a very big disadvantage to thedrilling fluid, ad so therefore it is very prominent to know the sandcomposition for every drilling fluid to be used. The apparatus used for knowingthe sand content In a drilling fluid is the “SAND CONTENT KIT” which containsthe measuring tube, wash bottle, combined fuel with screen mesh. The sand contentkits finds the volume per cent of sand sized particles in the drilling fluid.Drilling fluid is a fluid used in drilling oil and gas wells.

It has variousadvantages. One is to maintain down hole pressure. The addition of sand helpsfulfil that purpose. Water, it helps in the mixture of everything to be used.It is a very important aspect of this experiment.                  EXPERIMENTALAPPARATUS1)    The sand content kit.

Which contains a)     Wash bottleb)    Funnelc)     Measuring tube d)    Sieve 2)    Measuring cylinder3)    Weighing balance4)    Spatula5)    Electric Mixer                 SAMPLEUSED FOR THE EXPERIMENT (PROCEDURES)SAMPLE11)    I Measured 35g ofbentonite and 350ml of water.2)    I Poured mixture intoelectric mixer to have homogenous mixture.3)    I shook vigorously toensure unity.4)    I poured mixture into theemesh.

5)    I Took wash bottle to washremaining sand content to ensure all the mixture in the measuring tube getsinto the mesh.6)    I inverted the meshcontaining a funnel in it, and take wash bottle containing water and pour itover the mesh containing the sand particles, to allow falling into measuringtube.7)    I allowed the sandparticles to settle before taking the percentage of sand content. SAMPLE21)    Measure 3520ml of water inthe measuring cylinder2)    Measure 35g of bentoniteusing the weighing balance3)    Measure 10g of bariteusing the weighing balance4)    Repeat procedures 3-9 fromsample 1        RESULTSAND DISCUSSIONSAftermy experiment was carried out I found out the percentage of sand contentcontained in the drilling mud to be 0.5%for sample 1 while 0.

5% for sample 2. This was done with the aid of a sand content kit.                       PRECAUTIONS1)    I ensured I avoided errordue to parallax when taking my readings on my measuring tube.2)    I ensured that my mixtureswere thoroughly mixture to get homogenous mixture.

3)    I ensured that the sandparticles I poured into the measuring tube settled before I commenced with my readings.                   CONCULSIONSToconclude, I will say that the sand content of any drilling fluid must be knownbecause of that damages that sand procure to drilling equipment.                       REFERENCESPetroleumengineering drilling fluid mud manual by Engr Setyeobot IfeayiPet315 Drilling Fluid Technology note by Engr Dr E E Okorohttp://www.gyansglobalschool.in/13-17/15719-sand-test-equipment/http://www.fann.com/fann/products/drilling-fluids-testing/sand-content.page?node-id=hlz0hxoxhttps://www.humboldtmfg.com/sand-content-test-kit.html                    

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