Culture of this book, are scaling out

Culture is the classification of a group of people living in a particular region/community; all have “their” image of life what the culture says they follow that. Various families in Cuenca, Ecuador, the city in which the Quitasacas were residing much throughout the course of this book, are scaling out the sacrifices and the benefits of migrating, both in regard to rural to metropolitan and transnational. Cultural identity is self-awareness of persons belonging to a particular culture. The concepts of belonging, community and the reality of classification with others are the primary components of all human systems. Similar to most migrants, Lucho and Rosa Quitasaca were committed to migrating to render a better life for themselves and especially for their children. In Chapter II of the book “Transnational Migration: Economies and Identities”, it says that “The Quitasacas moved to Cuenca from the small town of Cumbre in 1983 so that Lucho would have a steady job, the children would get a good education, and the family would eventually reach a comfortable standard of living.” Their migration was one of farm to metropolitan, from the traditional yet economically-bounded atmosphere of the Ecuadorian farmland to the scurry metropolis that Cuenca was becoming. Identity and self-concept of a person are built from the person’s beliefs and ideas which include himself or herself experiences. For instance, this is presented in the story from the parents’ perspective, Rosa and Lucho actively seek what they think is a better life in the city, moving out of the rural area they resided in, but all the while, they wish to hold onto the identity and notions of kinship they have woven into their lives as well as their children’s. At the time of moving to Cuenca from Cubre, Lucho perceived it to be fitting for a ‘city family’ to have a single male financial provider, despite the financial pressure gets placed on the family, hence stopping Rosa’s responsibility as a co-provider. This creates friction due to gender inequality on the global economy is found through the number of male and female students in primary and secondary school. I interpret this quote from ‘Perspectives, An Open Invitation to Cultural Anthropology’ Nina Brown’s Chapter 9, Gender and Sexuality “Rural women pass through the more-public spaces of a village to fetch water and firewood and to work in agricultural fields.” Although the move from the countryside to the urban area may decrease Rosa’s chance of obtaining a job, it deprives any chances of Rosa taking any job because Lucho believes that it’s now a single broadly generally thought to be of poor quality; urban schools o?er more choices, but they cost a good deal more. She aspired them to have a profession so that they would be self-sufficient and well off. The movement by the Quitasaca family from their rural beginnings to the current urban man’s responsibility to be the money generator of the family. Rosa’s role in the migration to Cuenca is that her children, with her stated objective of seeing them graduate from high school. Schools in the rural areas are broadly thought to be of poor quality; urban schools o?er more choices, but they cost a good deal more. She aspired them to have a profession so that they would be self-sufficient and well off. The movement by the Quitasaca family from their rural beginnings to the current urban environment provides the family with an excess of new social and economic predicaments. Rosa’s and Lucho’s kids, Vicente (the oldest), Beto(the youngest), and Alexandra(middle, only girl) also face challenges among the migration to Cuenca. Vicente carries the right as well as the burden of being the firstborn. At the time of reaching adulthood, Vicente reveals his plans of immigrating to the United States for more abundant opportunities and higher-earning job prospects. Rosa was afraid that her son’s wishes to have ample opportunities to work and make money would ruin the son she knew. She tells this story about her brother, Carlos, to her kids in Chapter IV “Rosa”: “Like my brother Carlos. He left when he was just a young boy of eighteen years old, and he is not the same. He comes back now, walks around, and looks at everything, but he doesn’t have the words anymore. He never has a smile. … Carlos comes back for visits, but he said that he will never come back to live.” This brings to my attention a clearer understanding of how the book is painting the picture of transnational migration because in my opinion that transnational relationships to the motherland between the first generation persist on a well-built over time across diverse migrant communities, but these ties are weakened with the next and successive generations. This is why Rosa feared her eldest son Vicente wanting to migrate out of Cuenca for better employment and opportunities to high wage-earning work. The one supreme fear concerning all the immediate family members of the Quitasaca family is the concern that gradually, Vicente will forget or frown upon the life and memories he made in Cuenca, and ultimately splitting ties with them. Rosa does not want a repetition of what occurred to her brother Carlos, feeling as if her son will a brand new unrecognizable person. In a chase of being a well-off financial provider, Vicente achieves his desire of migrating and becomes the sole Quitasaca to migrate out of Cuenca, Ecuador to the United States in search of higher wages and the opportunity to, as he put it, make something of himself. When Vicente made it to the USA as an illegal immigrant, his days were mainly consumed on the concentration of work and his coworkers, with little thought spent on his memories and family backed in Cuenca, Ecuador. Due to this isolation from the homeland relations, his co-workers; thus, converted to be a fill-in family to him, and as days pass, he becomes less intact with his nurtured traditions of Cuenca.


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