Community rural areas is greater than those in

Community development is asset creation that improves thequality of life of residents of low and moderate-income neighborhoods (Ferguson& Dickens, 1999). It helps to build community capacity in order toaddress issues and take advantage of opportunities, find common ground andbalance competing interests. Community does not just happen, it requires both aconscious and a conscientious effort to do something (or many things) toimprove the community.

 The communitydevelopment process takes charge of the conditions and factors that influence acommunity and changes the quality of life of its members. It is a tool formanaging change but it is not a short-term response to a specific issue withina community, a process that seeks to exclude community members fromparticipating or an initiative that occurs in isolation from other related communityactivities. However, one of the primary challenges of community development isto balance the need for long term solutions with the day-to-day realities thatrequire immediate decision making and short term action. This is attributed tomany factors some of which have mentioned below.

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DISCUSSIONApart from factors such ashomelessness, ecological issues, poor administration and inadequate communitydevelopment initiatives, poverty is also one of the challenges responsible forthe current issues threatening the development of sustainable communities.Sustainable rural community development is essential for eradicating povertysince global poverty is overwhelmingly in rural areas. According to the UnitedNations (2005) the number of poor people living in rural areas is greater thanthose in urban areas and that poverty is still more prevalent in rural areas. The Rural Development Framework (1997)defines rural areas as: The sparsely populated areas in which people farm ordepend on natural resources, including the villages and small towns that are dispersedthrough these areas. Rural economies are not sufficiently vibrant to providethe people with jobs and the cost of living is especially high (ref). Thecommunity is usually characterized by poverty and subsistencefarming as such that it cannot cope up with many problems. Oneof the basic need of human being is food.

People grow food for their familieshowever they do not harvest high yields due to land and lack of use of moderntechnologies as a result they do not have enough food to take them through toanother harvesting period. Due to food shortage, people look for alternativesources of finding food. For example, they engage themselves in cutting andselling trees to buy basic items. Much as they solve immediate problems in theprocess they create long term problems of deforestation which has impacts onsmall scale farmers in relation to climate change.Whenpeople are faced with problems, government and organizations come in to rescuethe community from the problems. For example, when the community is hit byhunger, organizations bring relief food items to help them only during a shortperiod which is not sustainable in the long run. Therefore, long term solutionsto end hunger should be encouraged.

Itwould appear that the community development sector has come to depend on publicfunds. This is also potentially difficult. There is an inherent antagonism in asituation where the state gives resources to organisations whose statedobjectives is to change the state, even though such provision is also a crucialstatement of the state’s willingness to be criticised and to hear the voice ofthose who experience poverty and exclusion. Considerable skills and resourcesare needed to use this contrasting position to good effect (Lee 2006).  Thegovernment has been using a top down approach to implement projects withoutcreating an enabling environment for active involvement and participation ofcommunity.

This has led to overdependence syndrome where community members relyon outside help which makes them fail to make their own decisions on long-termchanges hence poverty continues. CONCLUSIONItis concluded that a sustainable community is one in which the residents meettheir needs while making effective use of natural resources, enhancing theenvironment, achieving social cohesion and strengthening their economicprosperity in such a manner that the needs of future generations will be met. Thereforegovernment and non-governmental organizations should not only develop thecommunities but also help them communities to become self-reliant.

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