Committee: to public sector jobs and idleness

       Committee: Arab League – Economic and
Social Council

      Topic: Devising
strategies to counter the impacts of high levels of youth unemployment

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Republic of Yemen

A.  Yemen suffers from economic backlog
due to lack of coverage and quality of education, underutilized potential in
terms of agriculture, oceanic reserves like fisheries, natural gas reserves,
minimal investment in manufacturing industries, extremely low women
participation in workforce, non-conducive environment for business growth,
social status offered to public sector jobs and idleness of youth being
channelized towards revolting against the government, among other reasons.

B. To employ the youth, Yemen needs
more established industries and improvements in the existing ones, those in
which it enjoys a comparative advantage, in terms of technology usage, labour
training and efficiency-increasing measures. The need of the hour is to
judiciously utilize the opportunities provided by globalization to develop
human resource, infrastructure, offer trade benefits to local industries as
well as the corporate sector. Developed countries of the Arab League have high
potential to boost Yemeni economy and create jobs by sharing their resources, the
2 billion USD Saudi injection being a testimony for the same.

C. The following methods could go
a long way in achieving the above mentioned goals:

Opening trade by reducing tariff
and non-tariff barriers within the Arab nations such that relatively poorer
economies can benefit from the additional market access for the increased
production after sharing technical equipments and know-how with developed Arab
nations;  engage successful private
sector firms of Arab nations to work with the government sector in their
respective field to develop trust among the workforce towards private sector;
undertake pan-Arab awareness programs to encourage internships and on-the job
training, a major factor responsible for prospective applicants being rejected
from the private sector; develop online forums like e-commerce to provide
work-from-home jobs to skilled women  by
connecting them with various employers; encourage microfinance, as  a source of finance, in poorer economies
backed by loans and financial support from the developed nations via forums
like the AMF; creating conducive environment for businesses by cumulatively
easing construction permits, increasing electricity supply in conjugation with
developed nations, digitalizing government procedures to start or expand
business; creating a 4 tier system for short-term unemployment insurance
program of maximum 100 weeks to provide inter-national exposure to potential
job seekers by relaxing visa restrictions, not by compromising the security
aspect; declare ‘wasta’ or favouritism as going against the law in all Arab
nations with nation-tailored consequences for the same to encourage merit based
selection of employees and prevent talents individuals from underemployment by establishing
or increasing the intellectual level of the merit based criteria such as exams
to enter public sector to enhance the quality and limit the quantity of
applicants waiting for public job openings.



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